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E-GEOD-58287 - Transcriptional Profiling of the Immune Response to Marburg Infection

Status
Released on 11 May 2015, last updated on 22 May 2015
Organism
Homo sapiens, Macaca fascicularis
Samples (60)
Array (1)
Protocols (5)
Description
Marburg virus is a genetically simple RNA virus that causes a severe hemorrhagic fever upon infection in humans and non-human primates. The mechanism of how this pathogenesis comes about is not well understood, but it is well accepted that pathogenesis is significantly driven by a hyperactive immune response. To better understand the overall response to Marburg virus challenge, we undertook a transcriptomic analysis of immune cells circulating in the blood following aerosol exposure of cynomolgus macaques to a lethal dose of Marburg virus. Using two-color microarrays, we analyzed the transcriptome of peripheral blood mononuclear cells that were collected throughout the course of infection from 1 to 9 days postexposure, representing the full course of the infection. The host response to aerosolized Marburg was evident at 1 day post-exposure. The response followed a 3-phase response that was led by a robust innate immune response. Analysis of cytokine transcripts that were overexpressed during infection indicated that previously unanalyzed cytokines are likely induced in response to exposure to Marburg virus, and further suggested that the immune response may favor a Th2 response that would hamper the development of an effective antiviral immune response. Late infection events included the upregulation of coagulation associated factors. These findings suggest new avenues for investigating the pathogenesis of Marburg virus infection and provide rich dataset of factors expressed throughout the course of infection that can be investigated as markers of infection and targets for therapy. RNA was isolated from a total of 30 PBMC samples from 15 cynomologus macaques infected with Marburg Virus. Samples were obtained at sequential timepoints post-infection, and included a pre-infection specimen from each animal. These samples were then processed and hybridized onto the Agilent 2-color arrays.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Contacts
Ignacio S. Caballero <nacho@bu.edu>, Arthur J Goff, Ignacio S Caballero, John H Connor, Judy Y Yen, Kenny Lin, Lisa Hensley, Sara Garamszegi, Shikha Malhotra
MIAME
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