E-GEOD-58032 - Association of prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia patients with leukemia stem cell gene signature based on nucleostemin promoter activity
Released on 30 July 2014, last updated on 2 August 2014
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous neoplastic disorder, in which only a subset of cells have function as leukemia-initiating cells (LICs). In this study, we prospectively evaluated leukemia-initiating capacity of fractionated subpopulations of AML cells depending on expression of a nucleolar GTP binding protein, Nucleostemin (NS). To monitor NS expression in living AML cells, we generated a mouse AML model using a transgenic mouse, in which green florescence protein (GFP) is expressed under the control of particular region of NS promoter (NS-GFP). In AML cells, NS-GFP levels were correlated with endogenous NS mRNA. AML cells with the highest expression of NS-GFP were very immature blast-like cells, efficiently formed leukemia colonies in vitro, and exhibited high leukemia-initiating capacity in vivo. Gene expression profiling analysis revealed that cell cycle regulators and nucleotide metabolism-related genes were highly enriched in a gene set associated with leukemia-initiating capacity, i.e., leukemia stem cell gene signature. Furthermore, we found that the leukemia stem cell gene signature stratified human AML patients into two distinct clusters, reflecting prognosis. These data demonstrate that the mouse leukemia stem cell gene signature is significantly associated with malignant properties of human AML patients. Further analyses of gene regulation related with leukemia stem cells would provide novel insights for the progress in diagnostic and therapeutic approach of AML patients. A mouse acute myeloid leukemia model was generated by introduction of HoxA9/Meis1 to bone marrow cells from a transgenic mouse, in which green florescence protein (GFP) is expressed under the control of particular region of NS promoter (NS-GFP).The leukemia cells were fractionated into 4 subpopulations based on NS-GFP level and c-Kit expression, (a) c-Kit-NS-GFPlow, (b) c-Kit-NS-GFPmiddle, (c) c-Kit+NS-GFPmiddle and (d) c-Kit+NS-GFPhigh cells.
transcription profiling by array
Association of a murine leukaemia stem cell gene signature based on nucleostemin promoter activity with prognosis of acute myeloid leukaemia in patients. Ali MA, Naka K, Yoshida A, Fuse K, Kasada A, Hoshii T, Tadokoro Y, Ueno M, Ohta K, Kobayashi M, Takahashi C, Hirao A. , PMID:24960197