Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-56838 - Histone-fold domain protein NF-Y promotes chromatin accessibility for cell type-specific master transcription factors [gene expression]
Released on 14 August 2014, last updated on 26 August 2014
Cell type-specific master transcription factors (MTFs) play vital roles in defining cell identity and function. However, the roles ubiquitous factors play in the specification of cell identity remain underappreciated. Here we show that all three subunits of the ubiquitous heterotrimeric CCAAT-binding NF-Y complex are required for the maintenance of embryonic stem cell (ESC) identity, and establish NF-Y as a novel component of the core pluripotency network. Genome-wide occupancy and transcriptomic analyses in ESCs and neurons reveal that not only does NF-Y regulate genes with housekeeping functions through cell type-invariant promoter-proximal binding, but also genes required for cell identity by binding to cell type-specific enhancers with MTFs. Mechanistically, NF-Y's distinctive DNA-binding mode promotes MTF binding at enhancers by facilitating a permissive chromatin conformation. Our studies unearth a novel function for NF-Y in promoting chromatin accessibility, and suggest that other proteins with analogous structural and DNA-binding properties may function in similar ways. Genome-wide mapping of NF-YA, NF-YB, and NF-YC subunits of the NF-Y complex in mouse ESCs, and microarray gene expression profiling of control knockdown (KD), NF-YA KD, NF-YB KD, NF-YC KD, and NF-YA/NF-YB/NF-YC triple KD ESCs.
transcription profiling by array
Raja Jothi <email@example.com>, Andrew J Oldfield, Pengyi Yang