E-GEOD-56396 - Non-invasive Analysis of the Airway Transcriptome Discriminates Clinical Phenotypes of Asthma

Status
Released on 7 April 2014, last updated on 8 April 2014
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (112)
Array (1)
Protocols (7)
Description
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the airway transcriptome may reveal patterns of gene expression that are associated with clinical phenotypes of asthma. To define transcriptomic endotypes of asthma (TEA) we analyzed gene expression in induced sputum that correlate with phenotypes of disease. METHODS: Gene expression was measured in sputum of subjects with asthma using Affymetrix HuGene ST 1.0 microarrays. Unsupervised clustering analysis of genes in pathways selected from the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) identified TEA clusters. Clinical characteristics were compared and logistic regression analysis of matched blood samples defined an expression profile to determine the TEA cluster assignment in a cohort of children with asthma for validation. RESULTS: Three TEA clusters were identified. TEA cluster 1 had the most subjects with a history of intubation (P = 0.05), a lower pre-bronchodilator FEV1 (P = 0.006), a higher bronchodilator response (P = 0.03), and higher exhaled nitric oxide levels (P = 0.04), compared to the other TEA clusters. TEA cluster 2, the smallest cluster had the most subjects that were hospitalized for asthma (P = 0.04). Subjects in TEA cluster 3, the largest cluster, had normal lung function, low exhaled nitric oxide levels, and lower inhaled steroid requirements. Evaluation of TEA clusters in children confirmed that TEA clusters 1 and 2 are associated with a history of intubation (P = 5.58 x 10-06) and hospitalization (P = 0.01), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Patterns of gene expression in the sputum and blood reveal TEA clusters that are associated with severe asthma phenotypes in children and adults. Gene expression was measured in sputum of subjects with asthma using Affymetrix HuGene ST 1.0 microarrays. Unsupervised clustering analysis of genes in pathways selected from the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) identified TEA clusters. Clinical characteristics were compared and logistic regression analysis of matched blood samples defined an expression profile to determine the TEA cluster assignment in a cohort of children with asthma for validation.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Contacts
Geoffrey L. Chupp <geoffrey.chupp@yale.edu>, Carole Holm, Geoffrey L Chupp, Hongyu Zhao, Jose Gomez-Villalobos, Laren Cohn, Maria Koenigs, Shrikant Mane, Xiaoxuan He, Xiting Yan
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