Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-55798 - Neuropathy of the haematopoietic stem cell niche is essential for myeloproliferative neoplasms [RNA-seq]
Released on 12 March 2014, last updated on 15 April 2014
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are diseases caused by mutations in the haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) compartment. Most MPN patients have a common acquired mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene in HSCs that renders this kinase constitutively active, leading to uncontrolled cell expansion. The bone marrow (BM) microenvironment might contribute to the clinical outcomes of this common event. We previously showed that BM nestin+ mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) innervated by sympathetic nerve fibres regulate normal HSCs. Here we demonstrate that abrogation of this regulatory circuit is essential for MPN pathogenesis. Sympathetic nerve fibres, supporting Schwann cells and nestin+ MSCs are consistently reduced in the BM of MPN patients and mice expressing the human JAK2V617F mutation in HSCs. Unexpectedly, MSC reduction is not due to differentiation but is caused by BM neural damage and Schwann cell death triggered by interleukin-1b produced by mutant HSCs. In turn, in vivo depletion of nestin+ cells or their production of CXCL12 expanded mutant HSCs and accelerated MPN progression. In contrast, administration of neuroprotective or sympathomimetic drugs prevented mutant HSC expansion. Treatment with b3-adrenergic agonists that restored the sympathetic regulation of nestin+ MSCs prevented the loss of these cells and blocked MPN progression by indirectly reducing leukaemic stem cells. Our results demonstrate that mutant HSC-driven niche damage critically contributes to disease manifestation in MPN and identify niche-forming MSCs and their neural regulation as promising therapeutic targets. CD45- CD31- Ter119- GFP+ cells were sorted from the BM of Nes-gfp;Mx1-cre;JAK2-V617F mice and control littermates 6 weeks after pIpC treatment and were subjected to RNA sequencing. Each sample was pooled from 3 animals of the same genotype.
RNA-seq of coding RNA
Simón Méndez-Ferrer <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Lorena Arranz, Simon Mendez-Ferrer