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E-GEOD-55042 - Oncogene-like induction of cellular invasion from centrosome amplification

Released on 1 March 2014, last updated on 3 May 2014
Homo sapiens
Samples (3)
Array (1)
Protocols (7)
Centrosome amplification has long been recognized as a feature of human tumors, however its role in tumorigenesis remains unclear. Centrosome amplification is poorly tolerated by non-transformed cells, and, in the absence of selection, extra centrosomes are spontaneously lost. Thus, the high frequency of centrosome amplification, particularly in more aggressive tumors, raises the possibility that extra centrosomes could, in some contexts, confer advantageous characteristics that promote tumor progression. Using a three-dimensional model system and other approaches to culture human mammary epithelial cells, we find that centrosome amplification triggers cell invasion. This invasive behavior is similar to that induced by overexpression of the breast cancer oncogene ErbB2 and indeed enhances invasiveness triggered by ErbB2. We show that, through increased centrosomal microtubule nucleation, centrosome amplification increases Rac1 activity, which disrupts normal cell-cell adhesion and promotes invasion. These findings demonstrate that centrosome amplification, a structural alteration of the cytoskeleton, can promote features of malignant transformation. genome-wide human SNP 6.0 arrays from Affymetrix was used to determine the copy number changes of MCF10A cells with extra centrosomes or depleted of MCAK after grown 4 days in 3-D cultures
Experiment type
comparative genomic hybridization by array 
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-55042.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-55042.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)
Processed data (1)
Array designA-AFFY-142.adf.txt