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E-GEOD-54443 - Mutant Huntingtin promotes neuronal death through cell autonomous microglial activation via myeloid lineage- determining factors

Status
Released on 2 March 2014, last updated on 31 May 2014
Organism
Mus musculus
Samples (22)
Protocols (6)
Description
Huntington's Disease (HD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder caused by an extended polyglutamine repeat in the N-terminus of the huntingtin (Htt) protein. Reactive microglia and elevated cytokine levels are observed in the brains of HD patients, but the extent to which neuroinflammation results from extrinsic or cell-autonomous mechanisms is unknown. Furthermore, the impact of microglia activation on the pathogenesis of HD remains to be established. Using genome-wide approaches, we show that expression of mutant Htt in microglia promotes cell-autonomous pro-inflammatory transcriptional activation within microglia by increasing the expression and transcriptional activities of the myeloid lineage-determining factors PU.1 and C/EBPs. Elevated levels of PU.1 and its target genes are observed in the brains of mouse models and HD individuals. Moreover, mutant Htt expressing microglia exhibit an increased capacity to induce neuronal death ex vivo and in vivo in the presence of sterile inflammation. These findings suggest that expression of mutant Htt in microglia may contribute to neuronal pathology in Huntingtin disease. RNA-Seq and ChIP-Seq for PU.1, C/EBP, and H3K4me2 in BV2 cells and RNA-Seq in primary microglia and macrophages
Experiment types
ChIP-seq, RNA-seq of coding RNA 
Contacts
Christopher Benner <cbenner@salk.edu>, Andrea Crotti, Christopher K Glass
Citation
Mutant Huntingtin promotes autonomous microglia activation via myeloid lineage-determining factors. Crotti A, Benner C, Kerman BE, Gosselin D, Lagier-Tourenne C, Zuccato C, Cattaneo E, Gage FH, Cleveland DW, Glass CK. , PMID:24584051
MINSEQE
Exp. designProtocolsVariablesProcessedSeq. reads
Files
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-54443.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-54443.sdrf.txt
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-54443.processed.1.zip
Additional data (1)E-GEOD-54443.additional.1.zip
Links