E-GEOD-53973 - ATF3 is a novel regulator of mouse neutrophil migration

Released on 5 April 2014, last updated on 3 June 2014
Mus musculus
Samples (8)
Array (1)
Protocols (6)
Expression of the activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) gene is induced by Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling. In turn, ATF3 protein inhibits the expression of various TLR-driven pro-inflammatory genes. Given its counter-regulatory role in diverse innate immune responses, we defined the effects of ATF3 on neutrophilic airway inflammation in mice. ATF3 deletion was associated with increased lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-driven airway epithelia production of CXCL1, but not CXCL2, findings concordant with a consensus ATF3-binding site identified solely in the Cxcl1 promoter. Unexpectedly, ATF3-deficient mice did not exhibit increased airway neutrophilia after LPS challenge. Bone marrow chimeras revealed a specific reduction in ATF3-/- neutrophil recruitment to wild type lungs. In vitro, ATF3-/- neutrophils exhibited a profound chemotaxis defect. Global gene expression analysis identified ablated Tiam2 expression in ATF3-/- neutrophils. TIAM2 regulates cellular motility by activating Rac1-mediated focal adhesion disassembly. Notably, ATF3-/- and ATF3-sufficient TIAM2 knockdown neutrophils, both lacking TIAM2, exhibited increased focal complex area, along with excessive CD11b-mediated F-actin polymerization. Together, our data describe a dichotomous role for ATF3-mediated regulation of neutrophilic responses: inhibition of neutrophil chemokine production, but promotion of neutrophil chemotaxis. Ly6G+ neutrophils were purified by magnetic beads from WT or ATF3 KO bone marrow and RNA was immediately isolated for global gene expression using microarrays.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Christopher Karp <geo@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>, Christopher L Karp, Nicholas D Boespflug
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-53973.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-53973.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)E-GEOD-53973.raw.1.zip
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-53973.processed.1.zip
Array designA-GEOD-13912.adf.txt