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E-GEOD-52400 - BABY BOOM (BBM) ChIP-seq in Arabidopsis somatic embryo tissue

Released on 17 December 2014, last updated on 2 January 2015
Arabidopsis thaliana
Samples (4)
Protocols (1)
After fertilization, a plant's life relies on progression through embryogenesis and maintenance of the stem cell niches from which all post-embryonic organs arise. BABY BOOM (BBM) and other members of the AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE (AIL)/PLETHORA (PLT) clade of the AP2-type transcription factor family play important roles controlling these processes in Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis). Development of the plt2/bbm double mutant is blocked at during early embryogenesis (Galinha et al., 2007), and combinations of bbm with plt1 and plt3 lead to short roots as a result of meristem differentiation. In contrast, overexpression of BBM in Arabidopsis seedlings induces the formation of somatic embryos on cotyledons and leaves (Boutilier, 2002), showing that BBM is a key regulator of cell identity and proliferation. Although the functions of BBM and other AIL genes have been well described, the molecular mode of action of these transcription factors has not been well examined (reviewed in Horstman et al., 2013). Our previous study provided the first insight into BBM molecular function by identifying BBM targets through a microarray-based approach (Passarinho, 2008), but only a few BBM targets have been functionally characterized. To obtain a better understanding of BBM function, we identified direct BBM targets using a chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) combined with massively-parallel DNA sequencing (ChIP-seq) approach. Somatic embryo tissue was used for the ChIP-seq experiments with the native BBM promoter (pBBM::BBM-YFP), with a line expressing nuclear-localized GFP from the same BBM promoter (pBBM::NLS-GFP) as a negative control. Whole, embryogenic seedlings of the 35S::BBM-GFP line were used for the 35S::BBM-GFP ChIP-seq experiments, with 35S::BBM embryogenic seedlings serving as a negative control. Both experiments were performed once, making a total of 4 samples.
Experiment type
Kim Boutilier <>, Anneke Horstman, Jose M Muino
Exp. designProtocolsVariablesProcessedSeq. reads
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-52400.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-52400.sdrf.txt
Additional data (1)