E-GEOD-51730 - Profiling the transcriptome: synaptoneurosomes capture the molecular effects of alcohol consumption
Released on 28 October 2013, last updated on 3 June 2014
Action of alcohol on synaptic mRNA in the amygdala of mice Chronic alcohol consumption induces changes in gene expression, causing persistent long-term neuro-adaptations and the remodeling of synaptic structures. These alcohol-induced synaptic changes may rely specifically on the local translation of mRNAs in the synaptic compartments of the cell. We profiled the transcriptome from synaptoneurosomes (SN) and paired total homogenates (TH) of amygdala to analyze the synaptic adaptations induced by chronic voluntary alcohol consumption in mice. In the SN both the number of alcohol-responsive mRNAs and the magnitude of fold-change were greater than in the TH. Accordingly, the SN detected many genes with coordinated patterns of expression producing a highly connected mRNA network in gene co-expression analysis. The greater sensitivity of the SN preparation allowed for improved cell-type specificity analysis, revealing an up-regulation of alcohol-responsive astrocytic and microglial modules that correlated with alcohol consumption. Alcohol was found to induce changes in the SN functionally important biological pathways, including long-term potentiation, long-term potentiation depression, glutamate pathway, neuro-immune, RNA-processing and translational machineries and provided overlap with changes seen in human alcoholic brain. Transposable elements were responsive to alcohol and found in the down-regulated neuronal mRNA module, which may underlie some of the coordinated gene expression changes associated with alcohol. We provide evidence that enrichment of synaptic components reveals a more intricate network of coordinated gene expression. Increased resolution captures the molecular effects of synaptic manipulations and provides an improved technique for identifying therapeutic targets for alcohol abuse. Synaptoneurosomes (SN) and Paired total homogenates (TH) were prepared from the same homogenate. 42 microarrays were used in total for the alcohol-control analysis (8 alcohol treated mice and 13 controls), 21 SN and 21 paired TH. 2 TH (control) samples were found outliers and were removed from the analysis. For the SN vs. TH analysis, the 2 TH samples found outliers were removed with the 2 paired SN samples.
transcription profiling by array
Dana Moat <email@example.com>, Dana Most, Laura Ferguson, R A Harris, R D Mayfield, Yuri Blednov