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E-GEOD-51632 - Effect of enforced BMP4 expression on gene expression profile of 4T1.2 whole primary murine mammary tumours
Released on 1 June 2014, last updated on 9 June 2014
BMP4 is down-regulated in metastatic human and murine mammary tumours. Here we determined the effect of ectopic mouse Bmp4 re-expression on global gene expression patterns in orthotopic primary mammary tumours in syngeneic Balb/c mice. Breast cancer is a major cause of cancer related death in women, due to the development of metastatic disease in vital organs. Metastasis can be facilitated by tumor induced MDSC, which requires understanding. We have confirmed that BMP4 is a potent suppressor of breast cancer metastasis, but for potential clinical application, it is important to understand how BMP4 acts to suppress metastasis. Here, we report one mechanism by which BMP4 can inhibit metastasis. Mice bearing highly metastatic mammary tumors present with elevated numbers of myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC), the extent of which is markedly reduced upon exogenous BMP4 expression. Increased numbers of MDSC can also be induced directly by treatment with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), leading to enhancement of metastasis. Both tumor-induced and G-CSF-induced MDSC can effectively suppress T cell activation and proliferation. BMP4 acts to reduce the expression and secretion of G-CSF through inhibition of NFkB activity in several human and mouse tumor lines. Since MDSC in breast cancer patients are correlated with poor prognosis, BMP4 treatment offers a potential new therapeutic strategy for progressive breast disease. Three 4T1.2 primary mammary tumours and three 4T1.2-Bmp4 primary mammary tumours were analyzed.
transcription profiling by array
Bedrich L Eckhardt, Belinda S Parker, Cameron N Johnstone, Jason Li, Robin L Anderson, Yuan Cao