E-GEOD-5141 - Transcription profiling of mouse embryonic stem cells reveals Hex acts with I-catenin to regulate anterior-posterior axis

Status
Submitted on 23 June 2006, released on 13 June 2008, last updated on 27 March 2012
Organism
Mus musculus
Samples (44)
Array (1)
Description
In Xenopus, establishment of the anterior-posterior axis involves two key signalling pathways, canonical Wnt and Nodal-related TGF-β. There are also a number of transcription factors that feedback upon these pathways. The homeodomain protein Hex, an early marker of anterior positional information, acts as a transcriptional repressor suppressing induction and propagation of the Spemman organiser while specifying anterior identity. We show that Hex promotes anterior identity by amplifying the activity of canonical Wnt signalling. Hex exerts this activity by inhibiting the expression of Tle-4, a member of the Groucho family of transcriptional co-repressors that we identified as a Hex target in embryonic stem (ES) cells and Xenopus embryos. This Hex-mediated enhancement of Wnt signalling results in the up-regulation of the Nieuwkoop centre genes Siamois and Xnr-3 and the subsequent increased expression of the anterior endodermal marker Cerberus and other mesendodermal genes downstream of Wnt signalling. We also identified Nodal as a Hex target in ES cells. We demonstrate that in Xenopus, the Nodal-related genes Xnr-1 and 2, but not 5 and 6, are regulated directly by Hex. The identification of Nodal-related genes as Hex targets explains the ability of Hex to suppress induction and propagation of the organiser. Together these results support a model in which Hex acts early in development to reinforce a Wnt-mediated, Nieuwkoop-like signal to induce anterior endoderm, and later in this tissue to block further propagation of Nodal-related signals. The ability of Hex to regulate the same targets in both Xenopus and mouse implies this model is conserved. Experiment Overall Design: Identification of Hex target genes In Xenopus, the establishment of the anterior-posterior axis involves two key signalling pathways, the canonical Wnt and the Nodal-related TGF-β and a number of transcription factors that feedback upon these pathways. The homeodomain protein Hex, an early marker of anterior positional information, is a transcriptional repressor that suppresses the induction and propagation of the Spemman organiser while specifying anterior identity. Using microarray expression profiling we identified mouse Tle-4 as a Hex target in Embryonic Stem (ES) cells and showed that Tle-4 expression is directly regulated by Hex in Xenopus embryos. We also identified Nodal as a Hex target in ES cells. Taken together these results support a model in which Hex acts early in development to reinforce a Wnt-mediated, Nieuwkoop-like signal to induce anterior endoderm and later in this tissue to block further propagation of Nodal-related signals. The ability of Hex to regulate the same targets in both frog and mouse suggests that this model is conserved.
Experiment types
transcription profiling by array, unknown experiment type
Contact
Citation
Hex acts with beta-catenin to regulate anteroposterior patterning via a Groucho-related co-repressor and Nodal. Andrea L Zamparini, Tim Watts, Clare E Gardner, Simon R Tomlinson, Geoffrey I Johnston, Joshua M Brickman. Development 133(18):3709-22 (2006)
MIAME
PlatformsProtocolsVariablesProcessedRaw
Files
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-5141.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-5141.sdrf.txt
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-5141.processed.1.zip
Array designA-AFFY-6.adf.txt
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