E-GEOD-5042 - Transcription profiling of differentiated brown adipocytes from wild type, PGC-1 alpha knockout, or PGC-1 alpha knockout and PGC-1 beta knockdown mice to investigate the roles of PGC-1 coactivators in brown fat differentiation

Submitted on 6 September 2006, released on 27 November 2007, last updated on 27 March 2012
Mus musculus
Samples (6)
Array (1)
Mitochondria play an essential role in the ability of brown fat to generate heat, and the PGC-1 coactivators control several aspects of mitochondrial biogenesis. To investigate their specific roles in brown fat cells, we generated immortal preadipocyte lines from the brown adipose tissue of mice lacking PGC-1±. We could then efficiently knockdown PGC-1β expression by shRNA expression. Loss of PGC-1± did not alter brown fat differentiation but severely reduced the induction of thermogenic genes. Cells deficient in either PGC-1α or PGC-1β coactivators showed a small decrease in the differentiation-dependant program of mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration; however, this increase in mitochondrial number and function was totally abolished during brown fat differentiation when both PGC-1± and PGC-1 were deficient. These data show that PGC-1± is essential for brown fat thermogenesis but not brown fat differentiation, and the PGC-1 coactivators play an absolutely essential but complementary function in differentiation-induced mitochondrial biogenesis. Affymetrix microarray analysis of total RNA from wt, PGC-1± KO and PGC-1± KO; cells expressing an RNAi specific for PGC-1 knockdown was performed. Of the 461; mitochondrial genes analyzed, 181 were found to be at least 20% different between wt; and defective PGC-1± and β adipocytes (p < 0.05). More than 85% of these genes were downregulated in cells deficient for PGC-1alpha and PGC-1beta. Experiment Overall Design: Brown preadipocytes that were either WT, KO for PGC-1alpha, or KO for PGC-1alpha and deficient for PGC-1beta (knockdown through siRNA expression) were differentiated for seven days. RNA was made from biological replicates of the three different types of brown adipocytes (WT, KO expressing a control siRNA, KO expressing a siRNA specific for PGC-1beta knockdown).
Experiment types
transcription profiling by array, co-expression, individual genetic characteristics
Complementary action of the PGC-1 coactivators in mitochondrial biogenesis and brown fat differentiation. Marc Uldry, Wenli Yang, Julie St-Pierre, Jiandie Lin, Patrick Seale, Bruce M Spiegelman. Cell Metab 3(5):333-41 (2006)
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-5042.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-5042.sdrf.txt
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-5042.processed.1.zip
Array designA-AFFY-45.adf.txt