E-GEOD-48888 - Global signatures of protein binding on structural RNAs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Released on 15 July 2013, last updated on 5 September 2013
Protein binding is essential to the transport, decay and regulation of almost all RNA molecules. However, the structural preference of protein binding on RNAs and their cellelar functions and dynamics upon changing environmental condictions are poorly understood. Here, we integrated various high-throughput data and introduced a computational framework to describe the global interactions between RNA binding proteins (RBPs) and structured RNAs in yeast at single-nucleotide resolution. We found that on average, in terms of percent total lengths, ~15% of mRNA untranslated regions (UTRs), ~37% of canonical ncRNAs and ~11% of long ncRNA (lncRNAs) are bound by proteins. The RBP binding sites, in general, tend to occur at single-stranded loops, with evolutionarily conserved signatures, and often facilitate a specific RNA structure conformation in vivo. We found that four nucleotide modifications of tRNA are significantly associated with RBP binding. We also identified various structural motifs bound by RBPs in the UTRs of mRNAs, associated with localization, degradation and stress responces. Moreover, we identified >200 novel lncRNAs bound by RBPs, and about half of them contain conserved secondary structures. We present the first ensemble pattern of RBP binding sites in the structured noncoding regions of a eukaryotic genome, emphasizing their structural context and cellular functions. Duplicate gPAR-CLIP libraries were sequenced from yeast strains for each of three conditions: log-phase growth, growth after 2 hour glucose starvation, and growth after 2 hour nitrogen starvation. polyA RNAs were isolated for all conditions. Total RNA were isolated from log phase growth conditions. Sucrose gradient fractionation was performed: some RNAs were isolated from the "light" fraction (lighter than 40S ribosome) and some from the "heavy" fraction. gPAR-CLIP libraries were used to determine regions of RNA bound by proteins.
RNA-seq of coding RNA
Mallory Ann Freeberg <email@example.com>, Mallory A Freeberg, Ting Han, Yu-Cheng Yang, Zhi Lu