E-GEOD-48796 - Identification of miR-4423 as a Primate-Specific microRNA Highly Expressed in Ciliated Airway Epithelium and Associated with Lung Cancer [Affymetrix]
Released on 8 October 2013, last updated on 14 October 2013
Smoking is a significant risk factor for lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. While microRNAs are regulators of many airway gene-expression changes induced by smoking, their role in modulating changes associated with lung cancer in these cells remains unknown. Here, we use next-generation sequencing of small RNAs in the airway to identify miR-4423 as a novel primate-specific microRNA associated with lung cancer and expressed primarily in mucociliary epithelium. The endogenous expression of miR-4423 increases as bronchial epithelial cells undergo differentiation into mucociliary epithelium in vitro and its overexpression during this process causes an increase in the number of ciliated cells. Furthermore, expression of miR-4423 is reduced in most lung tumors and in cytologically normal epithelium of the mainstem bronchus of smokers with lung cancer. In addition, ectopic expression of miR-4423 in a subset of lung cancer cell lines reduces their anchorage-independent growth and significantly decreases the size of the tumors formed in a mouse xenograft model. Consistent with these phenotypes, overexpression of miR-4423 induces a differentiated-like pattern of airway epithelium gene expression and reverses the expression of many genes that are altered in lung cancer. Together, our results indicate that miR-4423 is a novel regulator of airway epithelium differentiation and that the abrogation of its function contributes to lung carcinogenesis. Small RNA expression was profiled from pooled bronchial airway epithelial cell brushings (n=3 patients/pool) obtained during bronchoscopy from healthy never (NS) and current smokers (S) and smokers with (C) and without (NC) lung cancer. MicroRNA hsa-miR-4423 was over expressed in H1299, Calu6, SW900 and H2170 lung cancer cell lines.
transcription profiling by array
Avrum Spira <email@example.com>, Adam C Gower, Brigitte N Gomperts, Carl O’Hara, Carly B Garrison, Carmen Tellez, Catalina Perdomo, Christina Anderlind, Courtney Mankus, Eduard Drizik, Frank Schembri, George R Jackson, Huiqing Si, Jessica Vick, Joseph Gerrein, Joshua D Campbell, Marc E Lenburg, Patrick Hayden, Steven A Belinsky, Steven M Dubinett, Tonya C Walser