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E-GEOD-48342 - Gene Expression Profiles in Engineered Cardiac Tissues Respond to Mechanical Loading and Inhibition of Tyrosine Kinase
Released on 25 June 2016, last updated on 3 July 2016
Engineered cardiac tissues (ECTs) are platforms to investigate cardiomyocyte maturation and functional integration, to evaluate the feasibility of generating implantable tissues for cardiac repair and regeneration, and may be useful models for pharmacology and toxicology bioassays. These ECTs rapidly mature in vitro to acquire the features of functional cardiac muscle and respond to mechanical load with increased proliferation and maturation. ECTs can be generated from various immature cardiac cell sources and little is known regarding the broad changes in regulatory transcript expression that occur in these in vitro tissues during normal maturation and in response to mechanical or pharmacologic interventions. We tested the hypothesis that global ECT gene expression patterns are sensitive to mechanical loading conditions and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, similar to the maturing myocardium. We generated 3D ECTs from day 14.5 rat embryo ventricular cells, as previously published, and then treated constructs after 5 days in culture for 48 hours with mechanical stretch (5%, 0.5 Hz) and/or the p38MAPK (p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase) selective inhibitor BIRB796. RNA was isolated from 3 sets of experiments and assayed using a standard Agilent rat 4x44k V3 microarray and Pathway Analysis software for transcript expression fold changes and changes in regulatory molecules and networks. At the threshold of a 1.5 fold change in expression, mechanical stretch altered 1,559 transcripts, versus 1,411 for BIRB796, and 1,846 for stretch plus BIRB796. As anticipated, top pathways altered in response to these stimuli include Cellular Development, Cellular Growth and Proliferation; Tissue Development; Cell Death, Cell Signaling, and Small Molecule Biochemistry as well as numerous other pathways. Changes in transcript expression were confirmed by quantitative-PCR for selected regulatory molecules. Thus, ECTs display a broad spectrum of altered gene expression in response to mechanical load and/or tyrosine kinase inhibition, reflecting the complex regulation of proliferation, differentiation, and architectural alignment that occurs during ECT maturation and adaptation. This approach can now be used to test the role of individual molecules and pathways on the regulation of ECT maturation and remodeling. 7 and 4 biological replicates with four groups (control, mechanical stretch, BIRB and mechanical stretch with BIRB)
transcription profiling by array
Bradley B. Keller <email@example.com>, Bradley B Keller, Fangping Yuan, Fei Ye, Joseph P Tinney, Nigel Cooper, Xiaohong Li