E-GEOD-47991 - Identification of genetic variants that affect histone modifications in human cells

Released on 1 October 2013, last updated on 3 May 2014
Homo sapiens
Samples (50)
Protocols (3)
Histone modifications are important markers of function and chromatin state, yet the DNA elements that direct them to specific locations in the genome are poorly understood. Here we use the genetic variation in Yoruba lymphoblastoid cell lines as a natural experiment to identify genetic differences that affect histone marks and to better understand their relationship with transcriptional regulation. Across the genome, we identified hundreds of quantitative trait loci that impact histone modification or RNA polymerase (PolII) occupancy. In many cases the same variant is associated with quantitative changes in multiple histone marks and PolII, as well as in DNaseI sensitivity and nucleosome positioning, indicating that these molecular phenotypes often share a single underlying genetic cause.  Variants that impact chromatin at distal regulatory sites frequently also direct changes in chromatin and gene expression at associated promoters; while most of these distal regulators enhance promoter activity, some act as distal chromatin silencers. Finally, we find that polymorphisms in transcription factor binding sites are often causally responsible for variation in local histone modification.  In summary, the class of variants identified here generate coordinated changes in chromatin both locally and sometimes at distant locations, frequently drive changes in gene expression, and likely play an important role in the genetics of complex traits. ChIP-seq of RNA Polymerase II and 4 histone modifications (H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K27ac, H3K27me3) in 10 unrelated Yoruba HapMap lymphoblastoid cell lines
Experiment type
Graham McVicker <gmcvicker@uchicago.edu>, Anil Raj, Bryce van de Geijn, Carolyn E Cain, Jacob F Degner, Jonathan K Pritchard, Marsha Myrthil, Nicholas E Banovich, Noah Lewellen, Yoav Gilad
Identification of genetic variants that affect histone modifications in human cells. McVicker G, van de Geijn B, Degner JF, Cain CE, Banovich NE, Raj A, Lewellen N, Myrthil M, Gilad Y, Pritchard JK. , Europe PMC 24136359
Exp. designProtocolsVariablesProcessedSeq. reads
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-47991.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-47991.sdrf.txt
Processed data (50)Click to browse processed data