E-GEOD-47898 - The AP-1 Transcription Factor c-Jun Prevents Stress-Imposed Maladaptive Remodeling of the Heart
Released on 19 September 2013, last updated on 3 June 2014
Systemic hypertension increases cardiac workload and subsequently induces signaling networks in heart that underlie myocyte growth (hypertrophic response) through expansion of sarcomeres with the aim to increase contractility. However, conditions of increased workload can induce both adaptive and maladaptive growth of heart muscle. Previous studies implicate two members of the AP-1 transcription factor family, junD and fra-1, in regulation of heart growth during hypertrophic response. In this study, we investigate the function of the AP-1 transcription factors, c-jun and c-fos, in heart growth. Using pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy in mice and targeted deletion of Jun or Fos in cardiomyocytes, we show that c-jun is required for adaptive cardiac hyphertrophy, while c-fos is dispensable in this context. c-jun promotes expression of sarcomere proteins and suppresses expression of extracellular matrix proteins. Capacity of cardiac muscle to contract depends on organization of principal thick and thin filaments, myosin and actin, within the sarcomere. In line with decreased expression of sarcomere-associated proteins, Jun-deficient cardiomyocytes present disarrangement of filaments in sarcomeres and actin cytoskeleton disorganization. Moreover, Jun-deficient hearts subjected to pressure overload display pronounced fibrosis and increased myocyte apoptosis finally resulting in dilated cardiomyopathy. In conclusion, c-jun but not c-fos is required to induce a transcriptional program aimed at adapting heart growth upon increased workload. Microarrays were used to identify specific genes that might be globally affected in the absence of c-jun in cardiomyocytes. Total RNA was extracted from the hearts of 10 weeks old Junf/f (n=2) and Jun delta mu (n=2) mice using TRIzol Reagent.
transcription profiling by array
Alexander Akhmedov, Allison Felley, Erwin F Wagner, Grzegorz Sumara, Julius Müller, Renata Windak, Romeo Ricci, Thierry Pedrazzini
The AP-1 Transcription Factor c-Jun Prevents Stress-Imposed Maladaptive Remodeling of the Heart. Windak R, Mï¿½ller J, Felley A, Akhmedov A, Wagner EF, Pedrazzini T, Sumara G, Ricci R. , Europe PMC 24039904