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E-GEOD-47054 - The homeobox transcription factor Nkx2-1 regulates microRNAs controlling downstream gene silencing in lung epithelial cells (mRNA)

Released on 22 December 2015, last updated on 26 December 2015
Mus musculus
Samples (6)
Array (1)
Protocols (6)
Cell-specific gene expression is achieved by a combination of mechanisms including transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation. The transcription factor Nkx2-1, essential for lung cell differentiation, mainly acts in transcriptional activation but can directly or indirectly repress gene expression. microRNAs are a class of small non-coding RNA that control one of the major mechanisms of gene repression. To identify miRNAs regulated by Nkx2-1 that may mediate its repressing effects, we knocked-down Nkx2-1 in mouse lung epithelial cell lines and systematically identified targets by genome-wide miR and mRNA expression analyses. Nkx2-1 controls expression of miRs known to contribute to lung cell differentiation in development and disease and others not previously described. Amongst the significantly altered miRs, the mir-106a-363 cluster, miR-1195, miR-378, and miR-346 are directly correlated with the levels of Nkx2-1, whereas miR-200c/b, miR-221, and miR- 222 are inversely correlated. These miRNAs are expressed in embryonic lung at day E11.5, and/or E19.5 determined by in-situ hybridization. Expression of predicted targets of mir-1195, mir-346 and miR-200c and mir-221/222 were evaluated by mRNA expression microarrays in Nkx2-1 knockdown cells identifying those anti-correlated to the corresponding miRNA expression. Genes regulated by mir-1195, Cyp2s1 and Map3k2, by mir-346, Klf6, and miR-200c, Myb, Nfib, and Six1, were validated by qRT-PCR. Inhibition of mir-1195 confirms the inverse correlation of this miRNA with its putative targets Cyp2s1 and Map3k2. This miRNA-mRNA expression analysis identifies potential paths of Nkx2-1 mediated gene repression, and contributes to the understanding of gene regulation in lung epithelial differentiation and development. Nkx2-1 mRNA was knocked down in lung epithelial cells using a lentivirus expressing a shRNA targeting Nkx2-1 (n=3) and compared to empty vector controls (n=3).
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Joshua David Campbell <>, Anne Hinds, Jean-Bosco Tagne, Jingshu Huang, Jining Lu, Joshua D Campbell, Maria I Ramirez, Meenakshi Lakshminarayanan, Omar R Mohtar
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-47054.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-47054.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)
Processed data (1)
Array designA-AFFY-130.adf.txt