Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-46975 - Chemical map of S. pombe reveals species-specific features in nucleosome positioning
Released on 12 November 2013, last updated on 3 June 2014
Knowing the exact positions of nucleosomes not only advances our understanding of their role in gene regulation, but also the mechanisms that underlie between-species variation in chromatin structure. We have generated a chemical map of nucleosomes in vivo in Schizosaccharomyces pombe at base pair resolution. This new map reveals that S.pombe genome shares a similar periodic linker length distribution with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but with major distinctions in nucleosomal/linker DNA sequence features. In S.pombe, A/T rich sequences are enriched in the nucleosome core region, particularly +/-20 bp of dyad, while they are disfavored in S.cerevisiae nucleosomes. The poly (dA-dT) tracts only slightly affect the nucleosome occupancy in S.pombe; and they possess preferential rotational positions within the nucleosome core with significant enrichment in the 10-30 bp region from the dyad for longer tracts. S.pombe does not have well-defined nucleosome free region immediately upstream of most transcription start sites (TSS), instead the -1 nucleosome is positioned with regular distance to the +1 nucleosome, and its occupancy is negatively correlated with gene expression. The nucleosomes around TSS show more pronounced bidirectional phasing when the intergenic distance is relatively short, and the downstream nucleosome positioning is strongly correlated with DNA sequence features. We discovered that heterochromatin regions tend to have sparse nucleosome positioning, mixed with both well-positioned and fuzzy nucleosomes. The S.pombe map suggests that some of nucleosome positioning codes, formerly thought to be intrinsic, may largely depend on species-specific extrinsic factors including linker histone, chromatin remodelers and other DNA-binding proteins. 2 samples were analyzed with high throughput paired-end parallel sequencing. Both samples were created using the same chemical mapping protocol
Georgette Moyle-Heyrman, Ji-Ping Wang, Jonathan Widom, Liqun Xi, Olke C Uhlenbeck, Quanwei Zhang, Robert A Holmgren, Tetiana Zaichuk