E-GEOD-46449 - Expression data from Patients with Bipolar (BP) Disorder and Matched Control Subjects

Released on 25 June 2013, last updated on 3 June 2014
Homo sapiens
Samples (88)
Array (1)
Protocols (5)
There are currently no biological tests that differentiate patients with bipolar disorder (BPD) from healthy controls. While there is evidence that peripheral gene expression differences between patients and controls can be utilized as biomarkers for psychiatric illness, it is unclear whether current use or residual effects of antipsychotic and mood stabilizer medication drives much of the differential transcription. We therefore tested whether expression changes in first-episode, never-medicated bipolar patients, can contribute to a biological classifier that is less influenced by medication and could potentially form a practicable biomarker assay for BPD. We employed microarray technology to measure global leukocyte gene expression in first-episode (n=3) and currently medicated BPD patients (n=26), and matched healthy controls (n=25). Following an initial feature selection of the microarray data, we developed a cross-validated 10-gene model that was able to correctly predict the diagnostic group of the training sample (26 medicated patients and 12 controls), with 89% sensitivity and 75% specificity (p<0.001). The 10-gene predictor was further explored via testing on an independent test cohort consisting of three pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for BPD, plus the original enrichment sample cohort (the three never-medicated BPD patients and 13 matched control subjects), and a sample of experimental replicates (n=34). 83% of the independent test sample was correctly predicted, with a sensitivity of 67% and specificity of 100% (although this result did not reach statistical significance). Additionally, 88% of sample diagnostic classes were classified correctly for both the enrichment (p=0.015) and the replicate samples (p<0.001). Peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) from whole blood were collected from 26 patients with bipolar disorder who had previously received medication, three patients with bipolar disorder who were experiencing their first hospitalization and had not previously received medication, and 25 matched control subjects, for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Immediately after blood collection, blood samples were split into two (when a sufficient volume had been collected); an "1" and replicate "2" sample (thus two separate RNA extractions, cDNA and cRNA syntheses and array hybridizations were performed).
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Catherine Clelland <cc2786@columbia.edu>, Catherine L Clelland, James D Clelland