Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-46185 - Genome-wide gene expression profiling revealed a critical role for GATA3 in the maintenance of the Th2 cell identity
Released on 19 April 2013, last updated on 3 June 2014
Functionally polarized CD4+ T helper (Th) cells such as Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells are central to the regulation of acquired immunity. However, the molecular mechanisms governing the maintenance of the polarized functions of Th cells remain unclear. GATA3, a master regulator of Th2 cell differentiation, initiates the expressions of Th2 cytokine genes and other Th2-specific genes. GATA3 also plays important roles in maintaining Th2 cell function and in continuous chromatin remodeling of Th2 cytokine gene loci. However, it is unclear whether continuous expression of GATA3 is required to maintain the expression of various other Th2-specific genes. In this report, genome-wide DNA gene expression profiling revealed that GATA3 expression is critical for the expression of a certain set of Th2-specific genes. We demonstrated that GATA3 dependency is reduced for some Th2-specific genes in fully developed Th2 cells compared to that observed in effector Th2 cells, whereas it is unchanged for other genes. Moreover, effects of a loss of GATA3 expression in Th2 cells on the expression of cytokine and cytokine receptor genes were examined in detail. A critical role of GATA3 in the regulation of Th2-specific gene expression is confirmed in in vivo generated antigen-specific memory Th2 cells. Therefore, GATA3 is required for the continuous expression of the majority of Th2-specific genes involved in maintaining the Th2 cell identity. Mock-transfected and GATA3 siRNA-transfected Th2 and Th2-4th cells are profiled for mRNA expression
transcription profiling by array
Atsushi Onodera <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Hiroyuki Hosokawa, Hitoshi Tanaka, Junji Yamashita, Shu Horiuchi, Tetsuya Sasaki, Toshinori Nakayama, Yasumasa Ogawa, Yukiko Watanabe, Yutaka Suzuki