E-GEOD-42781 - A Splice Variant of HER2 Activates Key Signaling Cascades and Evokes Mammary Tumors and Metastases
Released on 22 October 2013, last updated on 24 August 2015
The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (ERBB2 or HER2) is amplified and overexpressed in approximately 20% of invasive breast cancers and is associated with metastasis and poor prognosis. Here we describe the role of a constitutively active splice variant of HER2 (Delta-HER2) in human mammary epithelial cells. Overexpression of Delta-HER2 in human mammary cells decreased apoptosis and increased proliferation and expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal markers. It also induced invasion in three-dimensional cultures and promoted tumorigenicity and metastasis in vivo. In contrast, similar overexpression of wild-type HER2 failed to evoke the same effects. Unbiased protein-tyrosine phosphorylation profiling revealed a significant increase in phosphorylation of several key signaling proteins upon Delta-HER2 expression, some of which not previously shown to belong to the HER2 pathway. In addition, microarray analysis revealed the expression of a set of genes specifically associated with Delta-HER2 expression. We found those genes to be highly expressed in ER-negative, high grade and metastatic primary breast tumors. Altogether, these results provide new insights into the function of a tumorigenic splice variant of HER2 and the signaling cascade deriving from its activity RNA was extracted from MCF10A expressing empty vector, WT-HER2 or Delta-HER2 (n=3).
transcription profiling by array
Tim Roloff <email@example.com>, Abdullah Alajati, Mohamed Bentires-Alj, Stephan Duss, Stephane Thiry, Tim C Roloff
Mammary tumor formation and metastasis evoked by a HER2 splice variant. Alajati A, Sausgruber N, Aceto N, Duss S, Sarret S, Voshol H, Bonenfant D, Bentires-Alj M.