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E-GEOD-41083 - Expression data after irradiating mMSCs for 2 hours with broadband terahertz source

Released on 1 July 2013, last updated on 2 June 2014
Mus musculus
Samples (6)
Array (1)
Protocols (7)
We report that terahertz (THz) irradiation of mouse mesenchymal stem cells with a pulsed broadband (centered at 10 THz) source, or a single-frequency, 2.52 THz, (SF) laser source, both with weak average power (<1mW/cm2), results in specific heterogenic changes in gene expression. The insignificant differential expression of heat shock and stress related genes as well as our temperature measurements imply a non-thermal response. The microarray survey and RT-PCR experiments demonstrate that at different irradiation conditions distinct groups of genes are activated. Stem cells irradiated for 12 hours with the broadband THz source exhibit an accelerated differentiation toward adipose phenotype, while the 2-hour (broadband or SF) irradiation affects genes transcriptionally active in pluripotent stem cells. Phenotypic and gene expression differences suggest that the THz effect depends on irradiation parameters such as duration and type of THz source, and on the level of stem cell differentiation. Computer simulations of the core promoters of two pluripotency markers reveal association between gene upregulation and propensity for DNA breathing. We propose that THz radiation has potential for non-contact control of cellular gene expression. Growing in petri dish mouse mesenchymal stem cell cultures are irradiated for 2 hours with pulsed ultrafast (35 fs) broadband (centered at ~10 THz) source. Three independent biological experiments were conducted. In each experiment, a control mMSC culture was placed adjacent to the irradiated sample, and the temperature was kept at 26-27ºC for both the control and the irradiated sample. Immediately after completing the irradiation, total RNA was extracted from the irradiated sample and the control, and microarrays were used to identify differential changes in gene expression between the irradiated sample and its respective control. In each experiment, the mMSC cultures were synchronized to be at the same differentiation time point immediately before the irradiation.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Boian S Alexandrov <>, Alan Bishop, Anna Erat, Anny Usheva, Boian Alexandrov, Charles Mielke, George Rodriguez, Hou-Tong Chen, Janice Zabolotni, Jennifer Martinez, Kim Rasmussen, Layla Booshehri, Lisa Phipps, Ludmil Alexandrov
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-41083.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-41083.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)
Processed data (1)
Array designA-AFFY-45.adf.txt