E-GEOD-26587 - The cold-induced two-component system CBO0366/CBO0365 regulates metabolic pathways with novel roles in cold tolerance of Group I Clostridium botulinum ATCC 3502
Released on 29 October 2013, last updated on 2 June 2014
Clostridium botulinum A str. ATCC 3502
The two-component system CBO0366/CBO0365 was recently demonstrated to have a role in cold tolerance of Group I Clostridium botulinum ATCC 3502. The mechanisms under its control, ultimately resulting in increased sensitivity to low temperature, are unknown. A transcriptomic analysis with DNA microarrays was performed to identify the differences in global gene expression patterns of the wild-type ATCC 3502 and a derivative mutant with insertionally inactivated cbo0365 at 37 °C and 15 °C. Altogether 150 or 141 chromosomal CDSs were found to be differently expressed in the cbo0365 mutant at 37 °C or 15 °C, respectively, and thus considered to be under direct or indirect transcriptional control of the response regulator CBO0365. Of the differentially-expressed CDSs, expression of 141 CDSs was similarly affected at both temperatures investigated, suggesting that the putative CBO0365 regulon was practically not affected by temperature. The regulon involved genes related to acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation, motility, to arsenic resistance, and phosphate uptake and transport. Deteriorated growth at 17 °C was observed for mutants with disrupted ABE fermentation pathway components (crt, bdh and ctfA), arsenic detoxifying machinery components (arsC and arsR), or phosphate uptake mechanism components (phoT), suggesting roles for these mechanisms in cold tolerance of Group I C. botulinum. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed recombinant CBO0365 to bind to the promoter regions of crt, arsR, and phoT, as well as to the promoter region of its own operon, suggesting direct DNA-binding transcriptional activation or repression as means for CBO0365 in regulating these operons. The results provide insight to the mechanisms Group I C. botulinum utilize in coping with cold. C. botulinum ATCC 3502 cbo0365 mutant vs. wild type; 3 replicates of each strain; growth at 37C in TPGY broth batch culture and subjected to cold shock to 15C; sampling at mid-log growth phase before cold shock, and 1 h after temperature downshift to 15C (= 2 time points). Dye-swapped hybridization.
transcription profiling by array
Elias Dahlsten, Hannu Korkeala, Miia Lindström, Nigel P Minton, Panu Somervuo, Zhen Zhang
The cold-induced two-component system CBO0366/CBO0365 regulates metabolic pathways with novel roles in cold tolerance of Group I Clostridium botulinum ATCC 3502. Dahlsten E, Zhang Z, Somervuo P, Minton NP, Lindstrï¿½m M, Korkeala H. , Europe PMC 24162575