E-GEOD-2634 - Comparison of human and non-human primate gene expression profiles

Released on 27 June 2005, last updated on 2 June 2014
Chlorocebus aethiops, Homo sapiens, Macaca fascicularis, Macaca mulatta
Samples (17)
Array (1)
Protocols (1)
Gene expression profiling is an important tool in the development of medical countermeasures against chemical warfare agents (CWAs). Non-human primates (NHPs), specifically the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta), the cynomologus macaque (Macaca fascicularis) and the African green monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops), are vital models in the development of CWA prophylactics, therapeutics, and diagnostics. However, gene expression profiling of these NHPs is complicated by the fact their genomes are not completely sequenced, and that no commercially available oligonucleotide microarrays (genechips) exist. We, therefore, sought to determine whether gene expression profiling of NHPs could be performed using human genechips. Whole blood RNA was isolated from each species and used to generate genechip probes. Hybridization of the NHP samples to human genechips (Affymetrix Human U133 Plus 2.0) resulted in comparable numbers of transcripts detected compared with human samples. Statistical analysis revealed intraspecies reproducibility of genechip quality control metrics; interspecies comparison between NHPs and humans showed little significant difference in the quality and reproducibility of data generated using human genechips. Expression profiles of each species were compared using principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering to determine the similarity of the expression profiles within and across the species. The cynomologus group showed the least intraspecies variability, while the human group showed the greatest intraspecies variability. Intraspecies comparison of the expression profiles identified probesets that were reproducibly detected within each species. Each NHP species was found to be dissimilar to humans; the cynomologus group was the most dissimilar. Interspecies comparison of the expression profiles revealed probesets that were reproducibly detected in all species examined. These results show that human genechips can be used for expression profiling of NHP samples and provide a foundation for the development of tools for comparing human and NHP gene expression profiles. Keywords = human Keywords = homo sapien Keywords = blood Keywords = rhesus macaque Keywords = cynomologus macaque Keywords = African green monkey Keywords: parallel sample
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-2634.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-2634.sdrf.txt
Raw data (2)E-GEOD-2634.raw.1.zip, E-GEOD-2634.raw.2.zip
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-2634.processed.1.zip
Array designA-AFFY-44.adf.txt