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E-GEOD-24495 - Gene expression profiling of human atherosclerotic plaque: Carotid plaque

Status
Released on 30 September 2011, last updated on 12 October 2011
Organism
Homo sapiens
Samples (113)
Array (1)
Protocols (6)
Description
In order to identify potential new biomarkers of atherosclerotic plaque composition we performed a large scale analysis of gene expression patterns in human atherosclerotic lesions. Whole genome expression analysis of 101 peripheral plaques identified a robust gene signature (1514 genes) dominated by inflammatory processes, and cholesterol metabolism and storage genes. Specific pathways enriched in this signature included activation of the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, T-cell activation, cholesterol efflux, oxidative stress response, inflammatory cytokine production, vasoconstriction and lysosomal activity. Analysis of gene expression in plaque micro-dissected material revealed that the signature is strongly up-regulated in macrophage-rich regions and down-regulated in regions with high smooth muscle cell content. A smaller qPCR biomarker panel and inflammatory composite score (ICS) were developed to facilitate clinical translation of discoveries from gene expression profiling. We found that ICS correlates with histological features related to plaque vulnerability. In addition, ICS is able to separate groups of plaques obtained from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients undergoing carotid endarerectomy. In summary, we identified a robust mRNA biomarker panel associated with histo-pathological as well as clinical hallmarks of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque. This panel may be used as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in clinical setting to evaluate novel anti-atherosclerotic therapies. 6 human carotid plaques were sectioned in 1 mm thick slices. Alternative slices were used for gene expression profiling in Affymetrix/Merck custom 1.0 arrays (GPL10687), or for immunohistochemistry studies (CD68, Actin)
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Contacts
MIAME
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