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E-GEOD-23216 - PITX1 suppresses TERT transcription
Released on 10 September 2010, last updated on 10 June 2011
Using microcell-mediated chromosome transfer (MMCT) into the mouse melanoma cell line, B16F10, we have previously found that human chromosome 5 carries a gene, or genes, that can negatively regulate TERT expression. To identify the gene responsible for the regulation of TERT transcription, we performed cDNA microarray analysis using parental B16F10 cells, telomerase negative B16F10 microcell hybrids with a human chromosome 5 (B16F10MH5), and its revertant clones (MH5R) with reactivated telomerase. Here we report the identification of PITX1, whose restoration leads to the downregulation of mouse tert (mtert) transcription, as a TERT suppressor gene. Additionally, both human TERT (hTERT) and mouse TERT (mtert) promoter activity can be suppressed by PITX1. We showed that three and one binding sites, respectively, within the hTERT and mtert promoters that express a unique conserved region are responsible for the transcriptional activation of TERT. Furthermore, we showed that PITX1 binds to the TERT promoter both in vitro and in vivo. Thus, PITX1 suppresses TERT transcription through direct binding to the TERT promoter, which ultimately regulates telomerase activity. We transferred intact human chromosome 5 into mouse melanoma B16F10 cells by microcell fusion. The microcell hybrids (MH5) exhibited suppression of telomerase, we also obtained revertant clones (MH5R) in which telomerase is reactivated. To identify the differentially expressed genes on human chromosome 5, we performed expression microarray analysis using these two clones and parental B16F10 cells.
transcription profiling by array
hiroyuki kugoh <email@example.com>, Chikako Fujisaki, Dong-Lai Qi, Hiroyuki Kugoh, Mitsuhiko Osaki, Mitsuo Oshimura, Takahito Ohhira, Toshiaki Inoue, Tsutomu Ohta