Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-21375 - Convergence of KSHV Reactivation with EBV latency and cellular growth mediated by the Notch signaling pathway in co-infected cells
Released on 31 December 2010
Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiologic agent of primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). All PEL cell lines are infected with KSHV, and 70% are co-infected with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). KSHV reactivation from latency requires promoter-specific transactivation by the KSHV Rta protein through interactions with RBP-Jk (CSL), the cellular DNA binding component of the Notch signal transduction pathway. EBV transformation of primary B cells requires EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA)-2 to interact with RBP-Jk to direct the latent viral and cellular gene expression program. Although KSHV Rta and EBV EBNA-2 both require RBP-Jk for transactivation, previous studies have suggested that RBP-Jk-dependent transactivators do not function identically. We have found that the EBV latent protein LMP-1 is expressed in less than 5% of KSHV+/EBV+ PEL cells, but is induced in an Rta-dependent fashion when KSHV reactivates. KSHV Rta transactivates the EBV latency promoters in an RBP-Jk-dependent fashion and forms a ternary complex with RBP-Jk on the promoters. In B cells that are conditionally transformed by EBV alone, we show that KSHV Rta complements a short-term EBNA2 growth deficiency in an autocrine/paracrine manner. Complementaton of EBNA2-deficiency by Rta depends on RBP-Jk and LMP-1, and Rta transactivation is required for optimal growth of KSHV+/EBV+ PEL lines. Our data suggest that Rta can contribute to EBV-driven cellular growth by transactivating RBP-Jk-dependent EBV latency genes. However, our data also suggest that EBNA2 and Rta induce distinct alterations in the cellular proteomes that contribute to growth of infected cells. EREB2-5 cells were transfected and grown in the presence or absence of β-estradiol, as described. Seven days post-transfection, protein extracts were prepared, and 200 ugs. of each were analyzed using the RayBio Human Apoptosis Antibody Array Kit (RayBiotech) as per manufacturers suggestions. The membranes were exposed to autoradiography film for different times to detect the chemiluminescent signals. Images with signals in linear range were quantitated using the program ImageJ . For each membrane, signals from the negative control spots were averaged, and then subtracted from each of the other spots. A signal was considered valid if its value exceeded both its average local background, and the average of all valid negative control values. Valid signals were normalized using the positive control spots (for cellular BID protein). Fold change in signals for each spot were quantitated by dividing by the valid signals for each corresponding spot on the minus β-estradiol membrane. Average fold change, and standard deviation, were calculated for each protein.
proteomic profiling by array
David M. Lukac <email@example.com>, David M Lukac, Diana Palmeri, Kyla Driscoll Carroll, Sophia Spadavecchia