Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-19490 - Transcriptional responses of mouse BMM and TEPM to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
Released on 28 March 2012, last updated on 27 June 2012
Evolutionary change in gene expression is generally considered to be a major driver of phenotypic differences between species. We investigated innate immune diversification by analyzing inter-species differences in the transcriptional responses of primary human and mouse macrophages to the TLR4 agonist, LPS. Using a custom platform permitting cross-species interrogation coupled with deep sequencing of mRNA 5’ ends, we identified extensive divergence in LPS-regulated orthologous gene expression between humans and mice (24% of orthologs, http://www.macgate.qfab.org). Divergently regulated (DR) orthologs were enriched for genes encoding cellular “inputs” such as cell surface receptors (e.g. TLR6, IL-7Rα), and functional “outputs” such as inflammatory cytokines/chemokines (e.g. CCL20, CXCL13). Conversely, intracellular signaling components linking inputs to outputs were typically concordantly regulated. DR genes were associated with a large dynamic range of gene expression, and specific promoter architectural features (TATA box enrichment, CpG island depletion). Surprisingly, regulatory divergence was also associated with enhanced inter-species promoter conservation. Thus, the genes controlled by complex, highly conserved promoters that facilitate dynamic regulation are also the most susceptible to evolutionary change. Mouse macrophages (bone marrow-derived macrophages, BMM and thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages, TEPM) were stimulated with the TLR4 agonist, lipopolysaccharide, over a time course (0, 2, 6, 24h) and analysed in biological triplicate on a custom-designed, focused microarray.
transcription profiling by array
Kate Schroder, Katharine Irvine, Matthew J Sweet
Conservation and divergence in Toll-like receptor 4-regulated gene expression in primary human versus mouse macrophages. Schroder K, Irvine KM, Taylor MS, Bokil NJ, Le Cao KA, Masterman KA, Labzin LI, Semple CA, Kapetanovic R, Fairbairn L, Akalin A, Faulkner GJ, Baillie JK, Gongora M, Daub CO, Kawaji H, McLachlan GJ, Goldman N, Grimmond SM, Carninci P, Suzuki H, Hayashizaki Y, Lenhard B, Hume DA, Sweet MJ. , PMID:22451944