Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-13505 - Role of PsaR of Streptococcus pneumoniae D39 and TIGR4 in global gene expression and virulence
Submitted on 7 November 2008, released on 15 May 2010, last updated on 1 May 2014
Previous studies have indicated that PsaR of Streptococcus pneumoniae is a manganese-dependent regulator, negatively affecting the expression of at least seven genes. Here, we extended these observations by transcriptome and proteome analysis of psaR mutants in strains D39 and TIGR4. The microarray analysis identified three shared PsaR targets: the psa-operon, pcpA, and prtA. Additionally, we found 31 genes to be regulated by PsaR in D39 only, most strikingly a cellobiose-specific PTS and a putative bacteriocin operon (sp0141-sp0146). In TIGR4, 14 PsaR gene targets were detected, with the rlrA pathogenicity islet being the most pronounced. Proteomics confirmed most of the shared gene targets. To examine the contribution of PsaR to pneumococcal virulence, we compared D39 and TIGR4 wild-type (wt) and psaR-mutants in three murine infection models. During colonization, no clear effect was observed of the psaR mutation in either D39 or TIGR4. In the pneumonia model, small but significant differences were observed in the lungs of mice infected with either D39wt or ∆psaR: D39∆psaR had an initial advantage in survival in the lungs. Conversely, TIGR4∆psaR-infected mice had significantly lower bacterial loads at 24h only. Finally, during experimental bacteremia, D39∆psaR-infected mice had significantly lower bacterial loads in the blood stream than wt-infected mice for the first 24h of infection. TIGR4∆psaR showed attenuation at 36h only. In conclusion, our results show that PsaR of D39 and TIGR4 has a strain-specific role in global gene expression and in the development of bacteremia in mice. Microarray analysis was performed essentially as described (Hendriksen et al., 2007; Hendriksen et al., 2008a). In short, 500 ml of CDM was inoculated with 10-20 colonies from agar plates, and these cultures were statically grown at 37°C. Samples for RNA isolation were taken when the cultures reached an optical density (OD600) of 0.2 (mid-log growth). RNA was isolated and purified using the High Pure RNA isolation kit (Roche diagnostics) as described (Hendriksen et al., 2007; Hendriksen et al., 2008a). Contaminating genomic DNA was removed by treatment with RNase-free DNase I (Roche diagnostics). RNA was isolated from three replicate cultures. Synthesis, subsequent labeling of cDNA, and microarray hybridization was performed as described (Hendriksen et al., 2007; Kloosterman et al., 2006). In all cases, dye-swapping was performed with one of the three biological replicates. Microarrays used in this study were constructed as described (Hendriksen et al., 2007; Kloosterman et al., 2006) and contain amplicons representing 2,087 ORFs of S. pneumoniae TIGR4 and 184 ORFs unique for S. pneumoniae R6, all spotted in duplicate.
transcription profiling by array
Anne de Jong <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Wouter T Hendriksen
Strain-specific impact of PsaR of Streptococcus pneumoniae on global gene expression and virulence. Hendriksen WT, Bootsma HJ, van Diepen A, Estevão S, Kuipers OP, de Groot R, Hermans PW.