E-GEOD-12011 - Regulation of human endothelial gene expression by miR-126
Submitted on 3 July 2008, released on 12 August 2008, last updated on 10 June 2011
Fish, JE, Santoro, MM, Morton, SU, Yu, S, Yeh, RF, Wythe, JD, Ivey, KI, Bruneau, BG, Stainier, DYR, and Srivastava, D. (2008). miR-126 Regulates Angiogenic Signaling and Vascular Integrity. Developmental Cell 15, 272-284. Precise regulation of the formation, maintenance, and remodeling of the vasculature is required for normal development, tissue response to injury, and tumor progression. How specific microRNAs intersect with and modulate angiogenic signaling cascades is unknown. Here, we identified microRNAs that were enriched in endothelial cells derived from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells and in developing mouse embryos. We found that miR-126 regulated the response of endothelial cells to VEGF. Additionally, knockdown of miR-126 in zebrafish resulted in loss of vascular integrity and hemorrhage during embryonic development. miR-126 functioned in part by directly repressing negative regulators of the VEGF pathway, including the Sprouty-related protein SPRED1 and phosphoinositol-3 kinase regulatory subunit 2 (PIK3R2/p85-β). Increased expression of Spred1 or inhibition of VEGF signaling in zebrafish resulted in defects similar to miR-126 knockdown. These findings illustrate that a single miRNA can regulate vascular integrity and angiogenesis, providing a new target for modulating vascular formation and function. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells, which express high levels of miR-126, were utilized to identify mRNA targets of miR-126. Cells were electroporated with 15 nmol of an antisense morpholino that blocks the processing of the miR-126 pri-cursor. A non-targeting morpholino (15 nmol) was used as a control. RNA was isolated 72 hr following electroporation and arrays were performed using Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST arrays. Analysis was performed on three biological replicates of control morpholino and miR-126 antisense morpholino transfected cells
transcription profiling by array
Jason E. Fish <email@example.com>, Deepak Srivastava, Jason E Fish, Ru-Fang Yeh
miR-126 regulates angiogenic signaling and vascular integrity. Fish JE, Santoro MM, Morton SU, Yu S, Yeh RF, Wythe JD, Ivey KN, Bruneau BG, Stainier DY, Srivastava D.