E-GEOD-11863 - Differential expression of 24,426 human alternative splicing events and predicted cis-regulation in 48 tissues

Submitted on 22 June 2008, released on 15 August 2008, last updated on 1 May 2014
Homo sapiens
Samples (1626)
Arrays (17)
Protocols (6)
Alternative pre-messenger RNA splicing impacts development, physiology, and disease, but its regulation in humans is not well understood, partially due to the limited scale to which the expression of specific splicing events has been measured. We generated the first genome-scale expression compendium of human alternative splicing events using custom whole-transcript microarrays monitoring expression of 24,426 mutually exclusive alternative splicing event pairs in 48 diverse human samples. Over 11,700 genes and 9,500 splicing events were differentially expressed, providing a rich resource for studying splicing regulation. An unbiased, systematic screen of 21,760 4-mer to 7-mer words for cis-regulatory motifs identified 143 RNA 'words' enriched near regulated cassette exons, including six clusters of motifs represented by UCUCU, UGCAUG, UGCU, UGUGU, UUUU, and AGGG, which map to trans-acting regulators PTB, Fox, Muscleblind, CELF/CUG-BP, TIA-1, and hnRNP F/H, respectively. Each cluster showed a distinct pattern of genomic location and tissue specificity. For example, UCUCU occurs 110 to 35 nucleotides preceding cassette exons upregulated in brain and striated muscle but depleted in other tissues. UCUCU and UGCAUG appear to have similar function but independent action, occurring 5' and 3', respectively, of 33% of the cassette exons upregulated in skeletal muscle but co-occurring for only 2%. Keywords: multiple tissue comparison PolyA+ purified RNA pooled from multiple donors of a single human tissue type (e.g. cerebellum) were amplified with random primers and hybridized on a two-color ink-jet oligonucletodie microarray (17 array set) against a common reference pool, comprising ~20 normal adult tissue pools, on custom microarray patterns containing probes to monitor every exon and exon-exon junction in transcript databases, patent databases, and predicted from mouse transcripts. Data were analyzed for gene expression (the average of multiple probes), exon and junction expression, and splice form proportionality (see paper).
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Expression of 24,426 human alternative splicing events and predicted cis regulation in 48 tissues and cell lines. Castle JC, Zhang C, Shah JK, Kulkarni AV, Kalsotra A, Cooper TA, Johnson JM.
Defining the regulatory network of the tissue-specific splicing factors Fox-1 and Fox-2. Zhang C, Zhang Z, Castle J, Sun S, Johnson J, Krainer AR, Zhang MQ.