What can you find in Ensembl Genomes?

The current Ensembl Genomes portals (as of March 2012) are summarised below. They are: Ensembl Metazoa, Plants, Protists, Fungi and Bacteria. New genomes are added to the project with each release.

Ensembl Metazoa

Contains data from non-chordate metazoan species, including species annotated by WormBase, FlyBase and VectorBase: worms, flies and arthropod vectors of human pathogens. Specifically, these include 12 genomes of the genus Drosophilia, four genomes of nematode worms and five genomes of insect pathogens (three mosquitoes, the body louse Pediculus humanus, and the black-legged tick Ixodes scapularis). Additionallly, a further seven species are included from outside these groups, ranging from other arthropoda (e.g. the honey bee) to basal metazoans such as Trichoplax adhaerens.

Ensembl Plants 

Developed jointly with Gramene (a resource for plant genomics based at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) and contains data for ten flowering plants (six monocots and four dicots) and one species of moss. Variation databases (recording genome-wide polymorphism across populations) are provided for Arabidopsis, rice and grape.

Ensembl Protists

Includes the genomes of a number of Apicomplexa species (including the causative agents of malaria), Leishmania major, the slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum, two diatom genomes and four plant pathogens.

Ensembl Fungi

Includes the genomes of model species such as Sacchromyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and Neurospora crassa, twelve phytopathogens, and data from eight species of Aspergillus, prepared in collaboration with the Central Aspergillus Data REpository (CADRE).

Ensembl Bacteria

Covers a number of clades, each represented by multiple genomes. The bacterial clades are Escherichia/Shigella and Bacillus (home to the model organisms E. coli and B. subtilis), and five important clades of pathogenic bacteria: Borrellia, Mycobacterium, Neisseria, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus, and two genera of arthropod symbionts, Buchnera and Wolbachia. A further clade covers the archaeal genus Pyrococcus. The genomes of between 4 and 77 related strains are captured within each database, and access to inter- and intra-clade comparative genomics is provided.