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PDBsum entry 5cox

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Oxidoreductase PDB id
5cox
Jmol
Contents
Protein chains
552 a.a. *
Ligands
NAG ×12
HEM ×4
* Residue conservation analysis

References listed in PDB file
Key reference
Title Structural basis for selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 by anti-Inflammatory agents.
Authors R.G.Kurumbail, A.M.Stevens, J.K.Gierse, J.J.Mcdonald, R.A.Stegeman, J.Y.Pak, D.Gildehaus, J.M.Miyashiro, T.D.Penning, K.Seibert, P.C.Isakson, W.C.Stallings.
Ref. Nature, 1996, 384, 644-648.
PubMed id 8967954
Abstract
Prostaglandins and glucocorticoids are potent mediators of inflammation. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) exert their effects by inhibition of prostaglandin production. The pharmacological target of NSAIDs is cyclooxygenase (COX, also known as PGH synthase), which catalyses the first committed step in arachidonic-acid metabolism. Two isoforms of the membrane protein COX are known: COX-1, which is constitutively expressed in most tissues, is responsible for the physiological production of prostaglandins; and COX-2, which is induced by cytokines, mitogens and endotoxins in inflammatory cells, is responsible for the elevated production of prostaglandins during inflammation. The structure of ovine COX-1 complexed with several NSAIDs has been determined. Here we report the structures of unliganded murine COX-2 and complexes with flurbiprofen, indomethacin and SC-558, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, determined at 3.0 to 2.5 A resolution. These structures explain the structural basis for the selective inhibition of COX-2, and demonstrate some of the conformational changes associated with time-dependent inhibition.
Secondary reference #1
Title Erratum. Structural basis for selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 by anti-Inflammatory agents
Authors R.G.Kurumbail, A.M.Stevens, J.K.Gierse, J.J.Mcdonald, R.A.Stegeman, J.Y.Pak, D.Gildehaus, J.M.Miyashiro, T.D.Penning, K.Seibert, P.C.Isakson, W.C.Stallings.
Ref. nature, 1997, 385, 555.
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