UniProt functional annotation for P04233

UniProt code: P04233.

Organism: Homo sapiens (Human).
Taxonomy: Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo.
 
Function: Plays a critical role in MHC class II antigen processing by stabilizing peptide-free class II alpha/beta heterodimers in a complex soon after their synthesis and directing transport of the complex from the endoplasmic reticulum to the endosomal/lysosomal system where the antigen processing and binding of antigenic peptides to MHC class II takes place. Serves as cell surface receptor for the cytokine MIF.
 
Subunit: Homotrimer. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) it forms a heterononameric MHC II-Ii complex: 3 MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta subunit) bind to the CD74 homotrimer (also known as invariant chain or HLA class II histocompatibility antigen gamma chain). In the endosomal/lysosomal system, the CD74 component undergoes sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide) attached to the MHC class II molecule (alpha-beta-CLIP complex). This processed complex interacts with HLA_DM and HLA_DO heterodimers in order to release CLIP and facilitate the binding of antigenic peptides to the MHC class II molecules.
Subcellular location: Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein (Potential). Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network. Endosome. Lysosome. Note=Transits through a number of intracellular compartments in the endocytic pathway. It can either undergo proteolysis or reach the cell membrane.
Ptm: N- and O-glycosylated. O-glycosylated with core 1 or possibly core 8 glycans.
Disease: Note=A chromosomal aberration involving CD74 is found in a non-small cell lung tumor. Results in the formation of a CD74- ROS1 chimeric protein.
Similarity: Contains 1 thyroglobulin type-1 domain.
Sequence caution: Sequence=AAA36304.1; Type=Erroneous initiation;

Annotations taken from UniProtKB at the EBI.