UniProt functional annotation for P05319

UniProt code: P05319.

Organism: Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast).
Taxonomy: Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; Saccharomycotina; Saccharomycetes; Saccharomycetales; Saccharomycetaceae; Saccharomyces.
 
Function: Plays an important role in the elongation step of protein synthesis.
 
Subunit: Heterodimer of P1B-P2A. Component of the large ribosomal subunit. Mature ribosomes consist of a small (40S) and a large (60S) subunit. The 40S subunit contains 32 different proteins (encoded by 56 genes) and 1 molecule of RNA (18S). The 60S subunit contains 46 different proteins (encoded by 81 genes) and 3 molecules of RNA (25S, 5.8S and 5S). The 5 acidic ribosomal P- proteins form the stalk structure of the 60S subunit. They are organized as a pentameric complex in which P0 interacts with 2 heterodimers, P1A-P2B and P1B-P2A.
Subcellular location: Cytoplasm.
Ptm: Phosphorylation is not involved in the interaction of the acidic P proteins with the ribosome, however it is suggested to affect the ribosome activity and to participate in a possible ribosome regulatory mechanism.
Ptm: The N-terminus is not modified.
Miscellaneous: Yeasts contain 4 individual small ribosomal A proteins (RPA) which can be classified into two couples of similar but not identical sequences. Each couple is distinctly related to one of the two A proteins present in multicellular organisms.
Miscellaneous: Present with 428000 molecules/cell in log phase SD medium.
Similarity: Belongs to the ribosomal protein L12P family.

Annotations taken from UniProtKB at the EBI.