PDBsum entry 1uja

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Hydrolase PDB id
Protein chain
389 a.a.
Waters ×106

References listed in PDB file
Key reference
Title A benzoic acid inhibitor induces a novel conformational change in the active site of influenza b virus neuraminidase.
Authors B.S.Lommer, S.M.Ali, S.N.Bajpai, W.J.Brouillette, G.M.Air, M.Luo.
Ref. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr, 2004, 60, 1017-1023. [DOI no: 10.1107/S0907444904006225]
PubMed id 15159560
Note In the PDB file this reference is annotated as "TO BE PUBLISHED". The citation details given above were identified by an automated search of PubMed on title and author names, giving a perfect match.
Owing to the highly conserved nature of its active site, Influenza B virus neuraminidase (NA) has emerged as a major target for the design of novel anti-influenza drugs. A benzene-ring scaffold has been used in place of the pyranose ring of sialic acid to develop simpler NA inhibitors that contain a minimal number of chiral centers. A new compound belonging to this series, BANA 207, showed significant improvement in inhibitory activity against Influenza B virus NA compared with its parent compound. Here, the structural analysis of a complex of BANA 207 with influenza virus B/Lee/40 NA is reported. The results indicate that BANA 207 forms an unexpected interaction with the crucial active-site residue Glu275 that stabilizes the side chain of this residue in a conformation previously unobserved in NA-inhibitor complexes. This change in the side-chain orientation of Glu275 alters the topology of the triglycerol pocket, which accommodates an additional lipophilic substitution at the benzene ring and may provide an explanation for the increased activity of BANA 207 against Influenza B virus NA.
Figure 1.
Figure 1 Chemical structures of (a) BANA 207 and (b) BANA 206.
Figure 4.
Figure 4 Stereoview of a F[o] - F[c] omit map of Glu275 contoured at 2.5 . Green, orientation of the side chain of Glu275 in the starting model (B/Lee/40 NA complexed with sialic acid). Red, fit of Glu275 to the density in the final model of the BANA 207-B/Lee/40 NA complex. A new water molecule is found near the former position of the Glu275 carboxyl group that forms hydrogen-bond interactions with His273 and Arg223. Both Glu275 and the water molecule were omitted for calculation of the electron density shown.
The above figures are reprinted by permission from the IUCr: Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr (2004, 60, 1017-1023) copyright 2004.
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