TitleThe transcriptional network that controls growth arrest and differentiation in a human myeloid leukemia cell line
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
Authorsconsortium FANTOM, the Riken Omics Science Center T
JournalNature Genetics
Volume41
Pagination553-562
KeywordsEBIgroup cage Transcriptional regulation
AbstractUsing deep sequencing (deepCAGE), the FANTOM4 study measured the genome-wide dynamics of transcription-start-site usage in the human monocytic cell line THP-1 throughout a time course of growth arrest and differentiation. Modeling the expression dynamics in terms of predicted cis-regulatory sites, we identified the key transcription regulators, their time-dependent activities and target genes. Systematic siRNA knockdown of 52 transcription factors confirmed the roles of individual factors in the regulatory network. Our results indicate that cellular states are constrained by complex networks involving both positive and negative regulatory interactions among substantial numbers of transcription factors and that no single transcription factor is both necessary and sufficient to drive the differentiation process.