PDBsum entry 3l8s

Go to PDB code: 
protein ligands links
Transferase PDB id
Protein chain
334 a.a. *
Waters ×38
* Residue conservation analysis
PDB id:
Name: Transferase
Title: Human p38 map kinase in complex with cp-547632
Structure: Mitogen-activated protein kinase 14. Chain: a. Fragment: p38 map kinase. Synonym: mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 alpha, map ki alpha, cytokine suppressive anti-inflammatory drug-binding csaid-binding protein, csbp, max-interacting protein 2, map mxi2, sapk2a. Engineered: yes. Mutation: yes
Source: Homo sapiens. Human. Organism_taxid: 9606. Gene: mapk14, csbp, csbp1, csbp2, cspb1, mxi2. Expressed in: escherichia coli. Expression_system_taxid: 562.
2.35Å     R-factor:   0.242     R-free:   0.307
Authors: C.Gruetter,J.R.Simard,D.Rauh
Key ref: J.R.Simard et al. (2010). Fluorophore labeling of the glycine-rich loop as a method of identifying inhibitors that bind to active and inactive kinase conformations. J Am Chem Soc, 132, 4152-4160. PubMed id: 20201574
03-Jan-10     Release date:   09-Mar-10    
Go to PROCHECK summary

Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
Q16539  (MK14_HUMAN) -  Mitogen-activated protein kinase 14
360 a.a.
334 a.a.*
Key:    PfamA domain  Secondary structure  CATH domain
* PDB and UniProt seqs differ at 3 residue positions (black crosses)

 Enzyme reactions 
   Enzyme class: E.C.  - Mitogen-activated protein kinase.
[IntEnz]   [ExPASy]   [KEGG]   [BRENDA]
      Reaction: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
+ protein
+ phosphoprotein
Molecule diagrams generated from .mol files obtained from the KEGG ftp site
 Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation 
  GO annot!
  Cellular component     cell   8 terms 
  Biological process     intracellular signal transduction   71 terms 
  Biochemical function     nucleotide binding     11 terms  


J Am Chem Soc 132:4152-4160 (2010)
PubMed id: 20201574  
Fluorophore labeling of the glycine-rich loop as a method of identifying inhibitors that bind to active and inactive kinase conformations.
J.R.Simard, M.Getlik, C.Grütter, R.Schneider, S.Wulfert, D.Rauh.
Targeting protein kinases with small organic molecules is a promising strategy to regulate unwanted kinase activity in both chemical biology and medicinal chemistry research. Traditionally, kinase inhibitors are identified in activity-based screening assays using enzymatically active kinase preparations to measure the perturbation of substrate phosphorylation, often resulting in the enrichment of classical ATP competitive (Type I) inhibitors. However, addressing enzymatically incompetent kinase conformations offers new opportunities for targeted therapies and is moving to the forefront of kinase inhibitor research. Here we report the development of a new FLiK (Fluorescent Labels in Kinases) binding assay to detect small molecules that induce changes in the conformation of the glycine-rich loop. Due to cross-talk between the glycine-rich loop and the activation loop in kinases, this alternative labeling approach can also detect ligands that stabilize inactive kinase conformations, including slow-binding Type II and Type III kinase inhibitors. Protein X-ray crystallography validated the assay results and identified a novel DFG-out binding mode for a quinazoline-based inhibitor in p38alpha kinase. We also detected the high-affinity binding of a clinically relevant and specific VEGFR2 inhibitor, and we provide structural details of its binding mode in p38alpha, in which it stabilizes the DFG-out conformation. Last, we demonstrate the power of this new FLiK labeling strategy to detect the binding of Type I ligands that induce conformational changes in the glycine-rich loop as a means of gaining affinity for the target kinase. This approach may be a useful alternative to develop direct binding assays for kinases that do not adopt the DFG-out conformation while also avoiding the use of expensive kits, detection reagents, or radioactivity frequently employed with activity-based assays.

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
21420867 V.V.Vintonyak, H.Waldmann, and D.Rauh (2011).
Using small molecules to target protein phosphatases.
  Bioorg Med Chem, 19, 2145-2155.  
The most recent references are shown first. Citation data come partly from CiteXplore and partly from an automated harvesting procedure. Note that this is likely to be only a partial list as not all journals are covered by either method. However, we are continually building up the citation data so more and more references will be included with time.