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PDBsum entry 3gto

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protein dna_rna metals Protein-protein interface(s) links
Transcription, transferase/DNA-RNA hybri PDB id
3gto
Jmol
Contents
Protein chains
1395 a.a. *
1106 a.a. *
266 a.a. *
214 a.a. *
84 a.a. *
133 a.a. *
119 a.a. *
65 a.a. *
114 a.a. *
46 a.a. *
DNA/RNA
Metals
_ZN ×8
_MG
* Residue conservation analysis
PDB id:
3gto
Name: Transcription, transferase/DNA-RNA hybri
Title: Backtracked RNA polymerase ii complex with 15mer RNA
Structure: DNA-directed RNA polymerase ii subunit rpb1. Chain: a. Fragment: DNA-directed RNA polymerase ii largest subunit. Synonym: RNA polymerase ii subunit b1, RNA polymerase ii su DNA-directed RNA polymerase iii largest subunit, RNA polyme subunit b220. DNA-directed RNA polymerase ii subunit rpb2. Chain: b. Fragment: DNA-directed RNA polymerase ii 140 kda polypeptid
Source: Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yeast. Organism_taxid: 4932. Synthetic: yes. Other_details: synthetic RNA. Other_details: synthetic template DNA. Other_details: synthetic non-template DNA
Resolution:
4.00Å     R-factor:   0.270     R-free:   0.290
Authors: D.Wang,D.A.Bushnell,X.Huang,K.D.Westover,M.Levitt,R.D.Kornbe
Key ref: D.Wang et al. (2009). Structural basis of transcription: backtracked RNA polymerase II at 3.4 angstrom resolution. Science, 324, 1203-1206. PubMed id: 19478184
Date:
27-Mar-09     Release date:   09-Jun-09    
PROCHECK
Go to PROCHECK summary
 Headers
 References

Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P04050  (RPB1_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
1733 a.a.
1395 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P08518  (RPB2_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB2
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
1224 a.a.
1106 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P16370  (RPB3_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB3
Seq:
Struc:
318 a.a.
266 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P20434  (RPAB1_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC1
Seq:
Struc:
215 a.a.
214 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P20435  (RPAB2_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC2
Seq:
Struc:
155 a.a.
84 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P20436  (RPAB3_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC3
Seq:
Struc:
146 a.a.
133 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P27999  (RPB9_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB9
Seq:
Struc:
122 a.a.
119 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P22139  (RPAB5_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC5
Seq:
Struc:
70 a.a.
65 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P38902  (RPB11_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB11
Seq:
Struc:
120 a.a.
114 a.a.
Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P40422  (RPAB4_YEAST) -  DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC4
Seq:
Struc:
70 a.a.
46 a.a.
Key:    PfamA domain  Secondary structure  CATH domain

 Enzyme reactions 
   Enzyme class: Chains A, B: E.C.2.7.7.6  - DNA-directed Rna polymerase.
[IntEnz]   [ExPASy]   [KEGG]   [BRENDA]
      Reaction: Nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1)
Nucleoside triphosphate
+ RNA(n)
= diphosphate
+ RNA(n+1)
Molecule diagrams generated from .mol files obtained from the KEGG ftp site
 Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation 
  GO annot!
  Cellular component     cytoplasm   7 terms 
  Biological process     transcription, RNA-dependent   14 terms 
  Biochemical function     RNA polymerase II activity     14 terms  

 

 
    reference    
 
 
Science 324:1203-1206 (2009)
PubMed id: 19478184  
 
 
Structural basis of transcription: backtracked RNA polymerase II at 3.4 angstrom resolution.
D.Wang, D.A.Bushnell, X.Huang, K.D.Westover, M.Levitt, R.D.Kornberg.
 
  ABSTRACT  
 
Transcribing RNA polymerases oscillate between three stable states, two of which, pre- and posttranslocated, were previously subjected to x-ray crystal structure determination. We report here the crystal structure of RNA polymerase II in the third state, the reverse translocated, or "backtracked" state. The defining feature of the backtracked structure is a binding site for the first backtracked nucleotide. This binding site is occupied in case of nucleotide misincorporation in the RNA or damage to the DNA, and is termed the "P" site because it supports proofreading. The predominant mechanism of proofreading is the excision of a dinucleotide in the presence of the elongation factor SII (TFIIS). Structure determination of a cocrystal with TFIIS reveals a rearrangement whereby cleavage of the RNA may take place.
 

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
21346759 A.C.Cheung, and P.Cramer (2011).
Structural basis of RNA polymerase II backtracking, arrest and reactivation.
  Nature, 471, 249-253.
PDB codes: 3po2 3po3
21292158 M.H.Larson, R.Landick, and S.M.Block (2011).
Single-molecule studies of RNA polymerase: one singular sensation, every little step it takes.
  Mol Cell, 41, 249-262.  
21447716 S.R.Kennedy, and D.A.Erie (2011).
Templated nucleoside triphosphate binding to a noncatalytic site on RNA polymerase regulates transcription.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 108, 6079-6084.  
20448203 D.Wang, G.Zhu, X.Huang, and S.J.Lippard (2010).
X-ray structure and mechanism of RNA polymerase II stalled at an antineoplastic monofunctional platinum-DNA adduct.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107, 9584-9589.
PDB codes: 3m3y 3m4o
20421891 G.R.Bowman, X.Huang, and V.S.Pande (2010).
Network models for molecular kinetics and their initial applications to human health.
  Cell Res, 20, 622-630.  
20360047 G.Ruprich-Robert, and P.Thuriaux (2010).
Non-canonical DNA transcription enzymes and the conservation of two-barrel RNA polymerases.
  Nucleic Acids Res, 38, 4559-4569.  
20088966 H.Koyama, T.Ueda, T.Ito, and K.Sekimizu (2010).
Novel RNA polymerase II mutation suppresses transcriptional fidelity and oxidative stress sensitivity in rpb9Delta yeast.
  Genes Cells, 15, 151-159.  
19966797 J.Zhang, M.Palangat, and R.Landick (2010).
Role of the RNA polymerase trigger loop in catalysis and pausing.
  Nat Struct Mol Biol, 17, 99.  
  21326898 N.Miropolskaya, V.Nikiforov, S.KlimaĊĦauskas, I.Artsimovitch, and A.Kulbachinskiy (2010).
Modulation of RNA polymerase activity through trigger loop folding.
  Transcr, 1, 89-94.  
21114873 P.P.Hein, and R.Landick (2010).
The bridge helix coordinates movements of modules in RNA polymerase.
  BMC Biol, 8, 141.  
20417599 S.Sigurdsson, A.B.Dirac-Svejstrup, and J.Q.Svejstrup (2010).
Evidence that transcript cleavage is essential for RNA polymerase II transcription and cell viability.
  Mol Cell, 38, 202-210.  
21124318 S.Tagami, S.Sekine, T.Kumarevel, N.Hino, Y.Murayama, S.Kamegamori, M.Yamamoto, K.Sakamoto, and S.Yokoyama (2010).
Crystal structure of bacterial RNA polymerase bound with a transcription inhibitor protein.
  Nature, 468, 978-982.
PDB codes: 3aoh 3aoi
20798057 X.Huang, D.Wang, D.R.Weiss, D.A.Bushnell, R.D.Kornberg, and M.Levitt (2010).
RNA polymerase II trigger loop residues stabilize and position the incoming nucleotide triphosphate in transcription.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107, 15745-15750.  
20534498 Y.Yuzenkova, and N.Zenkin (2010).
Central role of the RNA polymerase trigger loop in intrinsic RNA hydrolysis.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107, 10878-10883.  
19880312 A.Hirata, and K.S.Murakami (2009).
Archaeal RNA polymerase.
  Curr Opin Struct Biol, 19, 724-731.  
19896365 D.G.Vassylyev (2009).
Elongation by RNA polymerase: a race through roadblocks.
  Curr Opin Struct Biol, 19, 691-700.  
19560423 J.F.Sydow, F.Brueckner, A.C.Cheung, G.E.Damsma, S.Dengl, E.Lehmann, D.Vassylyev, and P.Cramer (2009).
Structural basis of transcription: mismatch-specific fidelity mechanisms and paused RNA polymerase II with frayed RNA.
  Mol Cell, 34, 710-721.
PDB codes: 3hou 3hov 3how 3hox 3hoy 3hoz
19855007 N.Miropolskaya, I.Artsimovitch, S.Klimasauskas, V.Nikiforov, and A.Kulbachinskiy (2009).
Allosteric control of catalysis by the F loop of RNA polymerase.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106, 18942-18947.  
The most recent references are shown first. Citation data come partly from CiteXplore and partly from an automated harvesting procedure. Note that this is likely to be only a partial list as not all journals are covered by either method. However, we are continually building up the citation data so more and more references will be included with time. Where a reference describes a PDB structure, the PDB codes are shown on the right.