spacer
spacer

PDBsum entry 3ekd

Go to PDB code: 
protein ligands links
Oxidoreductase PDB id
3ekd
Jmol
Contents
Protein chains
454 a.a. *
Ligands
PAM
HEM ×2
Waters ×172
* Residue conservation analysis
PDB id:
3ekd
Name: Oxidoreductase
Title: Crystal structure of the a264m heme domain of cytochrome p450 bm3
Structure: Cytochrome p450(bm-3). Chain: a, b. Fragment: heme domain. Synonym: p450bm-3, cytochrome p450 102, NADPH--cytochrome p450 reductase. Engineered: yes. Mutation: yes
Source: Bacillus megaterium. Organism_taxid: 1404. Gene: cyp102a1, cyp102. Expressed in: escherichia coli. Expression_system_taxid: 562
Resolution:
2.50Å     R-factor:   0.219     R-free:   0.252
Authors: H.S.Toogood,D.Leys
Key ref: H.M.Girvan et al. (2009). Novel haem co-ordination variants of flavocytochrome P450BM3. Biochem J, 417, 65-76. PubMed id: 18721129 DOI: 10.1042/BJ20081133
Date:
19-Sep-08     Release date:   30-Dec-08    
PROCHECK
Go to PROCHECK summary
 Headers
 References

Protein chains
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P14779  (CPXB_BACME) -  Bifunctional P-450/NADPH-P450 reductase
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
1049 a.a.
454 a.a.*
Key:    PfamA domain  Secondary structure  CATH domain
* PDB and UniProt seqs differ at 1 residue position (black cross)

 Enzyme reactions 
   Enzyme class 2: E.C.1.14.14.1  - Unspecific monooxygenase.
[IntEnz]   [ExPASy]   [KEGG]   [BRENDA]
      Reaction: RH + reduced flavoprotein + O2 = ROH + oxidized flavoprotein + H2O
RH
+ reduced flavoprotein
+ O(2)
= ROH
+ oxidized flavoprotein
+ H(2)O
      Cofactor: Heme-thiolate
   Enzyme class 3: E.C.1.6.2.4  - NADPH--hemoprotein reductase.
[IntEnz]   [ExPASy]   [KEGG]   [BRENDA]
      Reaction: NADPH + n oxidized hemoprotein = NADP+ + n reduced hemoprotein
NADPH
+ n oxidized hemoprotein
= NADP(+)
+ n reduced hemoprotein
      Cofactor: FAD; FMN
FAD
FMN
Note, where more than one E.C. class is given (as above), each may correspond to a different protein domain or, in the case of polyprotein precursors, to a different mature protein.
Molecule diagrams generated from .mol files obtained from the KEGG ftp site
 Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation 
  GO annot!
  Biological process     oxidation-reduction process   1 term 
  Biochemical function     oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen     3 terms  

 

 
    reference    
 
 
DOI no: 10.1042/BJ20081133 Biochem J 417:65-76 (2009)
PubMed id: 18721129  
 
 
Novel haem co-ordination variants of flavocytochrome P450BM3.
H.M.Girvan, H.S.Toogood, R.E.Littleford, H.E.Seward, W.E.Smith, I.S.Ekanem, D.Leys, M.R.Cheesman, A.W.Munro.
 
  ABSTRACT  
 
Bacillus megaterium flavocytochrome P450 BM3 is a catalytically self-sufficient fatty acid hydroxylase formed by fusion of soluble NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and P450 domains. Selected mutations at residue 264 in the haem (P450) domain of the enzyme lead to novel amino acid sixth (distal) co-ordination ligands to the haem iron. The catalytic, spectroscopic and thermodynamic properties of the A264M, A264Q and A264C variants were determined in both the intact flavocytochromes and haem domains of P450 BM3. Crystal structures of the mutant haem domains demonstrate axial ligation of P450 haem iron by methionine and glutamine ligands trans to the cysteine thiolate, creating novel haem iron ligand sets in the A264M/Q variants. In contrast, the crystal structure of the A264C variant reveals no direct interaction between the introduced cysteine side chain and the haem, although EPR data indicate Cys(264) interactions with haem iron in solution. The A264M haem potential is elevated by comparison with wild-type haem domain, and substrate binding to the A264Q haem domain results in a approximately 360 mV increase in potential. All mutant haem domains occupy the conformation adopted by the substrate-bound form of wild-type BM3, despite the absence of added substrate. The A264M mutant (which has higher dodecanoate affinity than wild-type BM3) co-purifies with a structurally resolved lipid. These data demonstrate that a single mutation at Ala(264) is enough to perturb the conformational equilibrium between substrate-free and substrate-bound P450 BM3, and provide firm structural and spectroscopic data for novel haem iron ligand sets unprecedented in nature.
 

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
21110374 C.J.Whitehouse, W.Yang, J.A.Yorke, B.C.Rowlatt, A.J.Strong, C.F.Blanford, S.G.Bell, M.Bartlam, L.L.Wong, and Z.Rao (2010).
Structural basis for the properties of two single-site proline mutants of CYP102A1 (P450BM3).
  Chembiochem, 11, 2549-2556.  
20180779 H.M.Girvan, C.W.Levy, P.Williams, K.Fisher, M.R.Cheesman, S.E.Rigby, D.Leys, and A.W.Munro (2010).
Glutamate-haem ester bond formation is disfavoured in flavocytochrome P450 BM3: characterization of glutamate substitution mutants at the haem site of P450 BM3.
  Biochem J, 427, 455-466.
PDB codes: 3kx3 3kx4 3kx5
20446763 T.C.Pochapsky, S.Kazanis, and M.Dang (2010).
Conformational plasticity and structure/function relationships in cytochromes P450.
  Antioxid Redox Signal, 13, 1273-1296.  
19492389 C.J.Whitehouse, S.G.Bell, W.Yang, J.A.Yorke, C.F.Blanford, A.J.Strong, E.J.Morse, M.Bartlam, Z.Rao, and L.L.Wong (2009).
A highly active single-mutation variant of P450BM3 (CYP102A1).
  Chembiochem, 10, 1654-1656.
PDB code: 3hf2
The most recent references are shown first. Citation data come partly from CiteXplore and partly from an automated harvesting procedure. Note that this is likely to be only a partial list as not all journals are covered by either method. However, we are continually building up the citation data so more and more references will be included with time. Where a reference describes a PDB structure, the PDB codes are shown on the right.