PDBsum entry 2ro9

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protein metals links
Metal binding protein PDB id
Protein chain
69 a.a. *
_CA ×2
* Residue conservation analysis
PDB id:
Name: Metal binding protein
Title: Solution structure of calcium bound soybean calmodulin isoform 1 c-terminal domain
Structure: Calmodulin-2. Chain: a. Fragment: c-terminal domain. Synonym: cam-2. Engineered: yes
Source: Glycine max. Soybean. Organism_taxid: 3847. Expressed in: escherichia coli. Expression_system_taxid: 562.
NMR struc: 20 models
Authors: H.Ishida,H.Huang,A.P.Yamniuk,Y.Takaya,H.J.Vogel
Key ref:
H.Ishida et al. (2008). The solution structures of two soybean calmodulin isoforms provide a structural basis for their selective target activation properties. J Biol Chem, 283, 14619-14628. PubMed id: 18347016 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M801398200
14-Mar-08     Release date:   08-Apr-08    
Go to PROCHECK summary

Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P62163  (CALM2_SOYBN) -  Calmodulin-2
149 a.a.
69 a.a.
Key:    PfamA domain  Secondary structure

 Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation 
  GO annot!
  Biochemical function     calcium ion binding     1 term  


DOI no: 10.1074/jbc.M801398200 J Biol Chem 283:14619-14628 (2008)
PubMed id: 18347016  
The solution structures of two soybean calmodulin isoforms provide a structural basis for their selective target activation properties.
H.Ishida, H.Huang, A.P.Yamniuk, Y.Takaya, H.J.Vogel.
The intracellular calcium ion is one of the most important secondary messengers in eukaryotic cells. Ca(2+) signals are translated into physiological responses by EF-hand calcium-binding proteins such as calmodulin (CaM). Multiple CaM isoforms occur in plant cells, whereas only a single CaM protein is found in animals. Soybean CaM isoform 1 (sCaM1) shares 90% amino acid sequence identity with animal CaM (aCaM), whereas sCaM4 is only 78% identical. These two sCaM isoforms have distinct target-enzyme activation properties and physiological functions. sCaM4 is highly expressed during the self-defense reaction of the plant and activates the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase (NOS), whereas sCaM1 is incapable of activating NOS. The mechanism of selective target activation by plant CaM isoforms is poorly understood. We have determined high resolution NMR solution structures of Ca(2+)-sCaM1 and -sCaM4. These were compared with previously determined Ca(2+)-aCaM structures. For the N-lobe of the protein, the solution structures of Ca(2+)-sCaM1, -sCaM4, and -aCaM all closely resemble each other. However, despite the high sequence identity with aCaM, the C-lobe of Ca(2+)-sCaM1 has a more open conformation and consequently a larger hydrophobic target-protein binding pocket than Ca(2+)-aCaM or -sCaM4, the presence of which was further confirmed through biophysical measurements. The single Val-144 --> Met substitution in the C-lobe of Ca(2+)-sCaM1, which restores its ability to activate NOS, alters the structure of the C-lobe to a more closed conformation resembling Ca(2+)-aCaM and -sCaM4. The relationships between the structural differences in the two Ca(2+)-sCaM isoforms and their selective target activation properties are discussed.
  Selected figure(s)  
Figure 1.
FIGURE 1. Comparison of the amino acid sequences of the two soybean CaM isoforms to aCaM. Dashes represent identical amino acid sequence as in aCaM. Significant differences in charged residues are highlighted in bold. The arrow indicates the position of the V144M mutation in sCaM1.
Figure 3.
FIGURE 3. {^1H}-^15N NOE data for sCaM1 (a) and sCaM4 (b). A schematic representation of the secondary structure of each protein is also shown (c), with -helices and β-sheets indicated by boxes and arrows, respectively.
  The above figures are reprinted by permission from the ASBMB: J Biol Chem (2008, 283, 14619-14628) copyright 2008.  
  Figures were selected by an automated process.  

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
  20054830 H.Huang, H.Ishida, and H.J.Vogel (2010).
The solution structure of the Mg2+ form of soybean calmodulin isoform 4 reveals unique features of plant calmodulins in resting cells.
  Protein Sci, 19, 475-485.
PDB code: 2ksz
20001960 T.A.DeFalco, K.W.Bender, and W.A.Snedden (2010).
Breaking the code: Ca2+ sensors in plant signalling.
  Biochem J, 425, 27-40.  
19667066 H.Ishida, M.Rainaldi, and H.J.Vogel (2009).
Structural studies of soybean calmodulin isoform 4 bound to the calmodulin-binding domain of tobacco mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 provide insights into a sequential target binding mode.
  J Biol Chem, 284, 28292-28305.
PDB code: 2kn2
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