PDBsum entry 2iz7

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protein Protein-protein interface(s) links
Metal transport PDB id
Protein chains
162 a.a. *
Waters ×232
* Residue conservation analysis
PDB id:
Name: Metal transport
Title: Structure of moco carrier protein from chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Structure: Moco carrier protein. Chain: a, b. Engineered: yes
Source: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Organism_taxid: 3055. Expressed in: escherichia coli. Expression_system_taxid: 562.
Biol. unit: Tetramer (from PDB file)
2.32Å     R-factor:   0.185     R-free:   0.263
Authors: K.Fischer,A.Llamas,M.Tejada-Jimenez,N.Schrader,J.Kuper,R.R.M E.Fernandez,G.Schwarz
Key ref:
K.Fischer et al. (2006). Function and structure of the molybdenum cofactor carrier protein from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. J Biol Chem, 281, 30186-30194. PubMed id: 16873364 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M603919200
25-Jul-06     Release date:   27-Jul-06    
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Protein chains
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
Q8RV61  (Q8RV61_CHLRE) -  Molybdenum cofactor carrier protein
165 a.a.
162 a.a.
Key:    PfamA domain  Secondary structure  CATH domain


DOI no: 10.1074/jbc.M603919200 J Biol Chem 281:30186-30194 (2006)
PubMed id: 16873364  
Function and structure of the molybdenum cofactor carrier protein from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
K.Fischer, A.Llamas, M.Tejada-Jimenez, N.Schrader, J.Kuper, F.S.Ataya, A.Galvan, R.R.Mendel, E.Fernandez, G.Schwarz.
The molybdenum cofactor (Moco) forms the catalytic site in all eukaryotic molybdenum enzymes and is synthesized by a multistep biosynthetic pathway. The mechanism of transfer, storage, and insertion of Moco into the appropriate apo-enzyme is poorly understood. In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a Moco carrier protein (MCP) has been identified and characterized recently. Here we show biochemical evidence that MCP binds Moco as well as the tungstate-substituted form of the cofactor (Wco) with high affinity, whereas molybdopterin, the ultimate cofactor precursor, is not bound. This binding selectivity points to a specific metal-mediated interaction with MCP, which protects Moco and Wco from oxidation with t((1/2)) of 24 and 96 h, respectively. UV-visible spectroscopy showed defined absorption bands at 393, 470, and 570 nm pointing to ene-diothiolate and protein side-chain charge transfer bonds with molybdenum. We have determined the crystal structure of MCP at 1.6 Angstrom resolution using seleno-methionated and native protein. The monomer constitutes a Rossmann fold with two homodimers forming a symmetrical tetramer in solution. Based on conserved surface residues, charge distribution, shape, in silico docking studies, structural comparisons, and identification of an anionbinding site, a prominent surface depression was proposed as a Moco-binding site, which was confirmed by structure-guided mutagenesis coupled to substrate binding studies.
  Selected figure(s)  
Figure 3.
FIGURE 3. Structure of C. reinhardtii MCP. A, ribbon presentation of the MCP monomer (MCP2 chain A) with -strands colored in gold and -helices shown in green. Residues Gly-70 and Ile-76 that border the stretch of delocalized residues are highlighted. B and C, top view (B) and side view (C)ofthe tetramer in ribbon presentation (MCP2). the color code of the monomers is as follows: A, red;B, green;C, blue;D, yellow. The monomers C and D were generated by applying crystallographic symmetry operations. Interface I depicts the hydrophobic contacts between A and B and C and D, and Interface II describes the more hydrophilic contacts of B and C and A-D. D, superposition of MCP2 (chain B, green) with T. thermophilus HB8 hypothetical protein TT1465 (Protein Data Bank code 1WEK chain F, gray), B. subtilis putative lysine decarboxylase (Protein Data Bank code 1T35 chain B, light pink), and A. thaliana lysine decarboxylase-like protein from gene AT2G37210 (Protein Data Bank code 2A33 chain A, lilac). Figures were generated with MOLSCRIPT (52) and rendered with POVRAY.
Figure 5.
FIGURE 5. The Moco-binding site. A ribbon presentation of MCP (MCP2 chain B, green) and homologous structures is shown, as shown (compare Fig. 3D). Cocrystallized phosphate (Protein Data Bank code 1WEK) and sulfate molecules (Protein Data Bank codes 2A33, 1T35) are depicted in stick mode and color-coded according to the protein structure (compare Fig. 3). The top-scored Moco model from GOLD docking studies is shown in green. Three structures have disordered residues in a similar region (MCP, 70-77; Protein Data Bank code 1WEK, 100-101-107; and Protein Data Bank code 2A33, 78-87). Figures were prepared as in Fig. 3.
  The above figures are reprinted by permission from the ASBMB: J Biol Chem (2006, 281, 30186-30194) copyright 2006.  
  Figures were selected by the author.  

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
20040598 T.Kruse, C.Gehl, M.Geisler, M.Lehrke, P.Ringel, S.Hallier, R.Hänsch, and R.R.Mendel (2010).
Identification and biochemical characterization of molybdenum cofactor-binding proteins from Arabidopsis thaliana.
  J Biol Chem, 285, 6623-6635.  
19675644 G.Schwarz, R.R.Mendel, and M.W.Ribbe (2009).
Molybdenum cofactors, enzymes and pathways.
  Nature, 460, 839-847.  
19487155 M.Tejada-Jiménez, A.Galván, E.Fernández, and A.Llamas (2009).
Homeostasis of the micronutrients Ni, Mo and Cl with specific biochemical functions.
  Curr Opin Plant Biol, 12, 358-363.  
  19623604 R.R.Mendel (2009).
Cell biology of molybdenum.
  Biofactors, 35, 429-434.  
18310352 E.Fernandez, and A.Galvan (2008).
Nitrate assimilation in Chlamydomonas.
  Eukaryot Cell, 7, 555-559.  
18096847 J.R.Andreesen, and K.Makdessi (2008).
Tungsten, the surprisingly positively acting heavy metal element for prokaryotes.
  Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1125, 215-229.  
17459792 C.Feng, G.Tollin, and J.H.Enemark (2007).
Sulfite oxidizing enzymes.
  Biochim Biophys Acta, 1774, 527-539.  
17898892 R.R.Mendel, A.G.Smith, A.Marquet, and M.J.Warren (2007).
Metal and cofactor insertion.
  Nat Prod Rep, 24, 963-971.  
The most recent references are shown first. Citation data come partly from CiteXplore and partly from an automated harvesting procedure. Note that this is likely to be only a partial list as not all journals are covered by either method. However, we are continually building up the citation data so more and more references will be included with time.