PDBsum entry 1p2n

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Hydrolase/hydrolase inhibitor PDB id
Protein chains
239 a.a. *
58 a.a. *
SO4 ×6
Waters ×537
* Residue conservation analysis
PDB id:
Name: Hydrolase/hydrolase inhibitor
Title: Structural consequences of accommodation of four non- cognate amino-acid residues in the s1 pocket of bovine trypsin and chymotrypsin
Structure: Chymotrypsinogen a. Chain: a, c. Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor. Chain: b, d. Synonym: basic protease inhibitor, bpi, bpti, aprotinin. Engineered: yes. Mutation: yes
Source: Bos taurus. Cattle. Organism_taxid: 9913. Expressed in: escherichia coli bl21(de3). Expression_system_taxid: 469008. Other_details: t7 promoter
Biol. unit: Dimer (from PQS)
1.80Å     R-factor:   0.199     R-free:   0.213
Authors: R.Helland,H.Czapinska,I.Leiros,M.Olufsen,J.Otlewski, A.O.Smalaas
Key ref:
R.Helland et al. (2003). Structural consequences of accommodation of four non-cognate amino acid residues in the S1 pocket of bovine trypsin and chymotrypsin. J Mol Biol, 333, 845-861. PubMed id: 14568540 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2003.08.059
15-Apr-03     Release date:   20-Apr-04    
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Protein chains
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P00766  (CTRA_BOVIN) -  Chymotrypsinogen A
245 a.a.
239 a.a.
Protein chains
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
P00974  (BPT1_BOVIN) -  Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor
100 a.a.
58 a.a.*
Key:    PfamA domain  Secondary structure  CATH domain
* PDB and UniProt seqs differ at 2 residue positions (black crosses)

 Enzyme reactions 
   Enzyme class: Chains A, C: E.C.  - Chymotrypsin.
[IntEnz]   [ExPASy]   [KEGG]   [BRENDA]
      Reaction: Preferential cleavage: Tyr-|-Xaa, Trp-|-Xaa, Phe-|-Xaa, Leu-|-Xaa.
 Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation 
  GO annot!
  Cellular component     extracellular region   2 terms 
  Biological process     digestion   2 terms 
  Biochemical function     catalytic activity     7 terms  


DOI no: 10.1016/j.jmb.2003.08.059 J Mol Biol 333:845-861 (2003)
PubMed id: 14568540  
Structural consequences of accommodation of four non-cognate amino acid residues in the S1 pocket of bovine trypsin and chymotrypsin.
R.Helland, H.Czapinska, I.Leiros, M.Olufsen, J.Otlewski, A.O.Smalås.
Crystal structures of P1 Gly, Val, Leu and Phe bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) variants in complex with two serine proteinases, bovine trypsin and chymotrypsin, have been determined. The association constants for the four mutants with the two enzymes show that the enlargement of the volume of the P1 residue is accompanied by an increase of the binding energy, which is more pronounced for bovine chymotrypsin. Since the conformation of the P1 side-chains in the two S1 pockets is very similar, we suggest that the difference in DeltaG values between the enzymes must arise from the more polar environment of the S1 site of trypsin. This results mainly from the substitutions of Met192 and Ser189 observed in chymotrypsin with Gln192 and Asp189 present in trypsin. The more polar interior of the S1 site of trypsin is reflected by a much higher order of the solvent network in the empty pocket of the enzyme, as is observed in the complexes of the two enzymes with the P1 Gly BPTI variant. The more optimal binding of the large hydrophobic P1 residues by chymotrypsin is also reflected by shrinkage of the S1 pocket upon the accommodation of the cognate residues of this enzyme. Conversely, the S1 pocket of trypsin expands upon binding of such side-chains, possibly to avoid interaction with the polar residues of the walls. Further differentiation between the two enzymes is achieved by small differences in the shape of the S1 sites, resulting in an unequal steric hindrance of some of the side-chains, as observed for the gamma-branched P1 Leu variant of BPTI, which is much more favored by bovine chymotrypsin than trypsin. Analysis of the discrimination of beta-branched residues by trypsin and chymotrypsin is based on the complexes with the P1 Val BPTI variant. Steric repulsion of the P1 Val residue by the walls of the S1 pocket of both enzymes prevents the P1 Val side-chain from adopting the most optimal chi1 value.
  Selected figure(s)  
Figure 4.
Figure 4. Electron density of the P1 residue, Met192 and solvent molecules in the chymotrypsin-BPTI complexes: (a) P1 Gly, (b) P1 Val, (c) P1 Leu and (d) P1 Phe: 2F[o] -F[c] density is colored blue at 1s, and F[o] -F[c] density is colored green at 3s.
Figure 6.
Figure 6. P1 Gly BPTI-binding epitope (residues 11-19 and 38-40) on the electrostatic surface of trypsin (left) and chymotrypsin (right). The Figure was made using ICM (MolSoft LLC, La Jolla).
  The above figures are reprinted by permission from Elsevier: J Mol Biol (2003, 333, 845-861) copyright 2003.  
  Figures were selected by an automated process.  

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
15775973 J.Otlewski, F.Jelen, M.Zakrzewska, and A.Oleksy (2005).
The many faces of protease-protein inhibitor interaction.
  EMBO J, 24, 1303-1310.  
15923233 W.Ma, C.Tang, and L.Lai (2005).
Specificity of trypsin and chymotrypsin: loop-motion-controlled dynamic correlation as a determinant.
  Biophys J, 89, 1183-1193.  
15039345 D.Chu, R.D.Bungiro, M.Ibanez, L.M.Harrison, E.Campodonico, B.F.Jones, J.Mieszczanek, P.Kuzmic, and M.Cappello (2004).
Molecular characterization of Ancylostoma ceylanicum Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor: evidence for a role in hookworm-associated growth delay.
  Infect Immun, 72, 2214-2221.  
The most recent references are shown first. Citation data come partly from CiteXplore and partly from an automated harvesting procedure. Note that this is likely to be only a partial list as not all journals are covered by either method. However, we are continually building up the citation data so more and more references will be included with time.