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PDBsum entry 1mxm

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protein Protein-protein interface(s) links
Membrane protein PDB id
1mxm
Jmol
Contents
Protein chains
(+ 1 more) 254 a.a.
Superseded by: 2oau 2oau
PDB id:
1mxm
Name: Membrane protein
Title: Crystal structure of mscs at 3.9 resolution
Structure: Mechanosensitive channel protein. Chain: a, b, c, d, e, f, g. Fragment: residues 27-280. Synonym: mscs. Engineered: yes
Source: Escherichia coli. Bacteria. Gene: yggb. Expressed in: escherichia coli.
Biol. unit: Heptamer (from PQS)
Resolution:
3.90Å     R-factor:   0.329     R-free:   0.356
Authors: R.B.Bass,P.Strop,M.Barclay,D.C.Rees
Key ref:
R.B.Bass et al. (2002). Crystal structure of Escherichia coli MscS, a voltage-modulated and mechanosensitive channel. Science, 298, 1582-1587. PubMed id: 12446901 DOI: 10.1126/science.1077945
Date:
02-Oct-02     Release date:   27-Nov-02    
PROCHECK
Go to PROCHECK summary
 Headers
 References

Protein chains
Pfam  
P11666  (YGGB_ECOLI) - 
Key:    Secondary structure

 

 
DOI no: 10.1126/science.1077945 Science 298:1582-1587 (2002)
PubMed id: 12446901  
 
 
Crystal structure of Escherichia coli MscS, a voltage-modulated and mechanosensitive channel.
R.B.Bass, P.Strop, M.Barclay, D.C.Rees.
 
  ABSTRACT  
 
The mechanosensitive channel of small conductance (MscS) responds both to stretching of the cell membrane and to membrane depolarization. The crystal structure at 3.9 angstroms resolution demonstrates that Escherichia coli MscS folds as a membrane-spanning heptamer with a large cytoplasmic region. Each subunit contains three transmembrane helices (TM1, -2, and -3), with the TM3 helices lining the pore, while TM1 and TM2, with membrane-embedded arginines, are likely candidates for the tension and voltage sensors. The transmembrane pore, apparently captured in an open state, connects to a large chamber, formed within the cytoplasmic region, that connects to the cytoplasm through openings that may function as molecular filters. Although MscS is likely to be structurally distinct from other ion channels, similarities in gating mechanisms suggest common structural elements.
 
  Selected figure(s)  
 
Figure 2.
Fig. 2. Ribbon diagrams of MscS. (A) The polypeptide fold of a MscS subunit, viewed perpendicular to the sevenfold axis, with a rainbow gradient coloring scheme from the NH[2]- terminus (blue) to the COOH-terminus (red). The membrane-spanning helices in the transmembrane domain are labeled TM1, TM2, and TM3. The two remaining domains of the monomer, located in the cytoplasm, as well as location of the strands, are also indicated. Brackets denote approximate dimensions of the molecule in both (A) and (B). (B) The MscS heptamer viewed down the sevenfold axis, looking into the permeation pathway from outside the cell. The coloring of the subunits is as in (C). (C) Stereo side view of the MscS heptamer, viewed from the same direction as in (A), with each subunit represented in a separate color. The orientation of this view is such that the periplasm would be at the top, and the cytoplasm would be at the bottom of the figure. This figure was prepared with MOLSCRIPT (52) and RASTER-3D (53).
Figure 4.
Fig. 4. Model for gating the MscS channel. The transmembrane region of the channel, in an open state, is shown in an expanded view, with one subunit highlighted in dark blue and the remaining six subunits represented in transparent light blue. The side chains of arginine residues at positions 46, 74, and 88 are depicted as larger, colored ball and sticks in the highlighted subunit and as smaller, blue ball and sticks in the remaining subunits. The inferred position of the membrane bilayer is schematically indicated as a gray box. Arrows drawn normal and parallel to the plane of the membrane denote the likely directions of force when depolarization and mechanical stress are applied to the membrane, respectively. Curved arrow schematically illustrates the motion the TM1 and TM2 helices could exhibit in response to either or both of these forces.
 
  The above figures are reprinted by permission from the AAAs: Science (2002, 298, 1582-1587) copyright 2002.  
  Figures were selected by an automated process.  

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
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PDB codes: 3k19 3k1b
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Interaction between the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains of the mechanosensitive channel MscS.
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A structural mechanism for MscS gating in lipid bilayers.
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18723622 Y.Feng, M.Li, H.Zhang, B.Zheng, H.Han, C.Wang, J.Yan, J.Tang, and G.F.Gao (2008).
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Gain-of-function mutations in the MEC-4 DEG/ENaC sensory mechanotransduction channel alter gating and drug blockade.
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18000058 A.Nakamura, C.Wada, and K.Miki (2007).
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PDB code: 2z9o
18007608 A.T.Brunger (2007).
Version 1.2 of the Crystallography and NMR system.
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18037888 B.Akitake, A.Anishkin, N.Liu, and S.Sukharev (2007).
Straightening and sequential buckling of the pore-lining helices define the gating cycle of MscS.
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17277184 B.Akitake, R.E.Spelbrink, A.Anishkin, J.A.Killian, B.de Kruijff, and S.Sukharev (2007).
2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol changes the transition kinetics and subunit interactions in the small bacterial mechanosensitive channel MscS.
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17493135 C.Li, M.D.Edwards, H.Jeong, H.Jeong, J.Roth, and I.R.Booth (2007).
Identification of mutations that alter the gating of the Escherichia coli mechanosensitive channel protein, MscK.
  Mol Microbiol, 64, 560-574.  
17562317 C.P.Arthur, and M.H.Stowell (2007).
Structure of synaptophysin: a hexameric MARVEL-domain channel protein.
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Transport capabilities of eleven gram-positive bacteria: comparative genomic analyses.
  Biochim Biophys Acta, 1768, 1342-1366.  
17505523 I.R.Booth, M.D.Edwards, S.Black, U.Schumann, and S.Miller (2007).
Mechanosensitive channels in bacteria: signs of closure?
  Nat Rev Microbiol, 5, 431-440.  
18075585 J.P.Morth, B.P.Pedersen, M.S.Toustrup-Jensen, T.L.Sørensen, J.Petersen, J.P.Andersen, B.Vilsen, and P.Nissen (2007).
Crystal structure of the sodium-potassium pump.
  Nature, 450, 1043-1049.
PDB codes: 3b8e 3kdp
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Characteristics affecting expression and solubilization of yeast membrane proteins.
  J Mol Biol, 365, 621-636.  
17114233 M.Sotomayor, V.Vásquez, E.Perozo, and K.Schulten (2007).
Ion conduction through MscS as determined by electrophysiology and simulation.
  Biophys J, 92, 886-902.  
17242512 P.Strop, M.R.Brzustowicz, and A.T.Brunger (2007).
Ab initio molecular-replacement phasing for symmetric helical membrane proteins.
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17011510 S.L.Rusch, and D.A.Kendall (2007).
Oligomeric states of the SecA and SecYEG core components of the bacterial Sec translocon.
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17288559 T.Pisareva, M.Shumskaya, G.Maddalo, L.Ilag, and B.Norling (2007).
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17534481 X.Liang, D.J.Campopiano, and P.J.Sadler (2007).
Metals in membranes.
  Chem Soc Rev, 36, 968-992.  
17389370 Y.Nakayama, K.Fujiu, M.Sokabe, and K.Yoshimura (2007).
Molecular and electrophysiological characterization of a mechanosensitive channel expressed in the chloroplasts of Chlamydomonas.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104, 5883-5888.  
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4D ultrafast electron diffraction, crystallography, and microscopy.
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Positioning of proteins in membranes: a computational approach.
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16538695 A.Mourot, T.Grutter, M.Goeldner, and F.Kotzyba-Hibert (2006).
Dynamic structural investigations on the torpedo nicotinic acetylcholine receptor by time-resolved photoaffinity labeling.
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A limited universe of membrane protein families and folds.
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Rapid and simple protein-stability screens: application to membrane proteins.
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16855310 B.DeLaBarre, and A.T.Brunger (2006).
Considerations for the refinement of low-resolution crystal structures.
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16836758 D.Casciari, M.Seeber, and F.Fanelli (2006).
Quaternary structure predictions of transmembrane proteins starting from the monomer: a docking-based approach.
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17215877 E.O.Oloo, C.Kandt, M.L.O'Mara, and D.P.Tieleman (2006).
Computer simulations of ABC transporter components.
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16493417 E.Perozo (2006).
Gating prokaryotic mechanosensitive channels.
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MscS-like proteins control plastid size and shape in Arabidopsis thaliana.
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17159147 L.Li, D.Mustafi, Q.Fu, V.Tereshko, D.L.Chen, J.D.Tice, and R.F.Ismagilov (2006).
Nanoliter microfluidic hybrid method for simultaneous screening and optimization validated with crystallization of membrane proteins.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 103, 19243-19248.
PDB code: 2i5n
16513774 M.Sotomayor, T.A.van der Straaten, U.Ravaioli, and K.Schulten (2006).
Electrostatic properties of the mechanosensitive channel of small conductance MscS.
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A hydrophobic gate in an ion channel: the closed state of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
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Twenty odd years of stretch-sensitive channels.
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Voltage-dependent hydration and conduction properties of the hydrophobic pore of the mechanosensitive channel of small conductance.
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Projection structure of the human copper transporter CTR1 at 6-A resolution reveals a compact trimer with a novel channel-like architecture.
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Lipid-protein interaction of the MscS mechanosensitive channel examined by scanning mutagenesis.
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Ion transport through membrane-spanning nanopores studied by molecular dynamics simulations and continuum electrostatics calculations.
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PDB code: 1zll
15556982 L.Saiz, and M.L.Klein (2005).
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Pivotal role of the glycine-rich TM3 helix in gating the MscS mechanosensitive channel.
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Prokaryotic K(+) channels: from crystal structures to diversity.
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A highly active anion-selective aminocyclodextrin ion channel.
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Gramicidin channels.
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Membrane-protein interactions in mechanosensitive channels.
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Surface changes of the mechanosensitive channel MscS upon its activation, inactivation, and closing.
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15111405 A.Anishkin, S.Sukharev, and S.Sukharev (2004).
Water dynamics and dewetting transitions in the small mechanosensitive channel MscS.
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14766176 A.I.Sobolevsky, M.V.Yelshansky, and L.P.Wollmuth (2004).
The outer pore of the glutamate receptor channel has 2-fold rotational symmetry.
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14766985 A.M.Slovic, H.Kono, J.D.Lear, J.G.Saven, and W.F.DeGrado (2004).
Computational design of water-soluble analogues of the potassium channel KcsA.
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15228520 C.Kung, and P.Blount (2004).
Channels in microbes: so many holes to fill.
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15041744 D.Clayton, G.Shapovalov, J.A.Maurer, D.A.Dougherty, H.A.Lester, and G.G.Kochendoerfer (2004).
Total chemical synthesis and electrophysiological characterization of mechanosensitive channels from Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
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15525509 F.Guo, A.R.Gooding, and T.R.Cech (2004).
Structure of the Tetrahymena ribozyme: base triple sandwich and metal ion at the active site.
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PDB code: 1x8w
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Gating transitions in bacterial ion channels measured at 3 microns resolution.
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15458400 K.J.Hellingwerf (2004).
A network of net-workers: report of the Euresco conference on 'Bacterial Neural Networks' held at San Feliu (Spain) from 8 to 14 May 2004.
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Towards a structural view of gating in potassium channels.
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15063854 M.D.Edwards, I.R.Booth, and S.Miller (2004).
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A quantitative assessment of models for voltage-dependent gating of ion channels.
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15568015 M.J.Conroy, S.J.Jamieson, D.Blakey, T.Kaufmann, A.Engel, D.Fotiadis, M.Merrick, and P.A.Bullough (2004).
Electron and atomic force microscopy of the trimeric ammonium transporter AmtB.
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[A new mechanosensitive channel SAKCA and a new MS channel blocker GsTMx-4]
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15339798 M.Sotomayor, and K.Schulten (2004).
Molecular dynamics study of gating in the mechanosensitive channel of small conductance MscS.
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15071758 R.J.Law, and M.S.Sansom (2004).
Homology modelling and molecular dynamics simulations: comparative studies of human aquaporin-1.
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15385536 S.G.Aller, E.T.Eng, C.J.De Feo, and V.M.Unger (2004).
Eukaryotic CTR copper uptake transporters require two faces of the third transmembrane domain for helix packing, oligomerization, and function.
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15067113 S.Kim, A.K.Chamberlain, and J.U.Bowie (2004).
Membrane channel structure of Helicobacter pylori vacuolating toxin: role of multiple GXXXG motifs in cylindrical channels.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 101, 5988-5991.
PDB code: 1sew
15257761 V.Anantharaman, and L.Aravind (2004).
Novel conserved domains in proteins with predicted roles in eukaryotic cell-cycle regulation, decapping and RNA stability.
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Thermodynamics of mechanosensitivity.
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Molecular modeling of ion channels: structural predictions.
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14573948 A.González (2003).
Optimizing data collection for structure determination.
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12948770 A.R.Curran, and D.M.Engelman (2003).
Sequence motifs, polar interactions and conformational changes in helical membrane proteins.
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12949490 B.DeLaBarre, and A.T.Brunger (2003).
Complete structure of p97/valosin-containing protein reveals communication between nucleotide domains.
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PDB code: 1oz4
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A charged view of voltage-gated ion channels.
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12668760 C.Mura, M.Phillips, A.Kozhukhovsky, and D.Eisenberg (2003).
Structure and assembly of an augmented Sm-like archaeal protein 14-mer.
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PDB code: 1m5q
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The motility of mollicutes.
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Structure and mechanism in prokaryotic mechanosensitive channels.
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14507677 J.Gullingsrud, and K.Schulten (2003).
Gating of MscL studied by steered molecular dynamics.
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Use of thiol-disulfide equilibria to measure the energetics of assembly of transmembrane helices in phospholipid bilayers.
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Structural biology: a high-tech tool for biomedical research.
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A role for mechanosensitive channels in survival of stationary phase: regulation of channel expression by RpoS.
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12740433 O.Beckstein, and M.S.Sansom (2003).
Liquid-vapor oscillations of water in hydrophobic nanopores.
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12867984 S.P.Kelley, J.I.Dunlop, E.F.Kirkness, J.J.Lambert, and J.A.Peters (2003).
A cytoplasmic region determines single-channel conductance in 5-HT3 receptors.
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14581228 T.Zhang, and J.S.Johansson (2003).
An isothermal titration calorimetry study on the binding of four volatile general anesthetics to the hydrophobic core of a four-alpha-helix bundle protein.
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12771382 X.L.Zhou, A.F.Batiza, S.H.Loukin, C.P.Palmer, C.Kung, and Y.Saimi (2003).
The transient receptor potential channel on the yeast vacuole is mechanosensitive.
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The principle of gating charge movement in a voltage-dependent K+ channel.
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The most recent references are shown first. Citation data come partly from CiteXplore and partly from an automated harvesting procedure. Note that this is likely to be only a partial list as not all journals are covered by either method. However, we are continually building up the citation data so more and more references will be included with time. Where a reference describes a PDB structure, the PDB codes are shown on the right.