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PDBsum entry 1n72

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protein links
Transferase PDB id
1n72
Jmol
Contents
Protein chain
115 a.a. *
* Residue conservation analysis
PDB id:
1n72
Name: Transferase
Title: Structure and ligand of a histone acetyltransferase bromodomain
Structure: Histone acetyltransferase. Chain: a. Fragment: bromodomain. Synonym: p300/cbp-associated factor, p/caf, histone acetylase pcaf. Engineered: yes
Source: Homo sapiens. Human. Organism_taxid: 9606. Gene: pcaf. Expressed in: escherichia coli bl21(de3). Expression_system_taxid: 469008.
NMR struc: 1 models
Authors: C.Dhalluin,J.E.Carlson,L.Zeng,C.He,A.K.Aggarwal,M.-M.Zhou
Key ref:
C.Dhalluin et al. (1999). Structure and ligand of a histone acetyltransferase bromodomain. Nature, 399, 491-496. PubMed id: 10365964 DOI: 10.1038/20974
Date:
12-Nov-02     Release date:   11-Dec-02    
Supersedes: 1b91
PROCHECK
Go to PROCHECK summary
 Headers
 References

Protein chain
Pfam   ArchSchema ?
Q92831  (KAT2B_HUMAN) -  Histone acetyltransferase KAT2B
Seq:
Struc:
 
Seq:
Struc:
832 a.a.
115 a.a.*
Key:    PfamA domain  PfamB domain  Secondary structure  CATH domain
* PDB and UniProt seqs differ at 1 residue position (black cross)

 Enzyme reactions 
   Enzyme class: E.C.2.3.1.48  - Histone acetyltransferase.
[IntEnz]   [ExPASy]   [KEGG]   [BRENDA]
      Reaction: Acetyl-CoA + [histone] = CoA + acetyl-[histone]
Acetyl-CoA
+ [histone]
= CoA
+ acetyl-[histone]
Molecule diagrams generated from .mol files obtained from the KEGG ftp site

 

 
    Added reference    
 
 
DOI no: 10.1038/20974 Nature 399:491-496 (1999)
PubMed id: 10365964  
 
 
Structure and ligand of a histone acetyltransferase bromodomain.
C.Dhalluin, J.E.Carlson, L.Zeng, C.He, A.K.Aggarwal, M.M.Zhou.
 
  ABSTRACT  
 
Histone acetylation is important in chromatin remodelling and gene activation. Nearly all known histone-acetyltransferase (HAT)-associated transcriptional co-activators contain bromodomains, which are approximately 110-amino-acid modules found in many chromatin-associated proteins. Despite the wide occurrence of these bromodomains, their three-dimensional structure and binding partners remain unknown. Here we report the solution structure of the bromodomain of the HAT co-activator P/CAF (p300/CBP-associated factor). The structure reveals an unusual left-handed up-and-down four-helix bundle. In addition, we show by a combination of structural and site-directed mutagenesis studies that bromodomains can interact specifically with acetylated lysine, making them the first known protein modules to do so. The nature of the recognition of acetyl-lysine by the P/CAF bromodomain is similar to that of acetyl-CoA by histone acetyltransferase. Thus, the bromodomain is functionally linked to the HAT activity of co-activators in the regulation of gene transcription.
 
  Selected figure(s)  
 
Figure 3.
Figure 3: Binding of the P/CAF bromodomain to AcK. a, Superimposed region of the 2D ^15N-HSQC spectra of the bromodomain ( 0.5 mM) in its free form (red) and complexed to the AcK-containing H4 peptide (molar ratio 1:6) (black). b, Ribbon and dotted-surface diagram of the bromodomain depicting the location of the lysine-acetylated H4 peptide-binding site. The colour coding reflects the chemicalshift changes ( ) of the backbone amide ^1H and ^15N resonances upon binding to the AcK peptide as observed in the ^15N-HSQC spectra. The normalized weighted average of the chemical shift changes was calculated by [av]/ [max] = [( ^2[NH] + ^2[N]/25)/2]^1/2/ [max], where [max] is the maximum weighted chemical shift difference observed for Tyr 809 (0.16 ppm). The backbone atoms are colour-coded in red, yellow or green for residues that have [av]/ [max] of >0.6 (Tyr 809, Glu 808, Asn 803 and Ala 757), 0.2–0.6 (Ala 813, Tyr 802, Tyr 760 and Val 752) or <0.2 (Cys 812, Ser 807, Cys 799, Phe 796 and Phe 748), respectively. The non-perturbed residues are shown in blue. c, Chemical structures of acetyl-lysine, acetyl-histamine, and acetyl-histidine.
Figure 4.
Figure 4: The acetyl-lysine binding pocket. Ribbons^29 depiction of a portion of the P/CAF bromodomain complexed with acetyl-histamine. The ligand is colour-coded by atom type.
 
  The above figures are reprinted by permission from Macmillan Publishers Ltd: Nature (1999, 399, 491-496) copyright 1999.  
  Figures were selected by an automated process.  

Literature references that cite this PDB file's key reference

  PubMed id Reference
22722403 A.C.Belkina, and G.V.Denis (2012).
BET domain co-regulators in obesity, inflammation and cancer.
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23211769 C.A.Musselman, M.E.Lalonde, J.Côté, and T.G.Kutateladze (2012).
Perceiving the epigenetic landscape through histone readers.
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22307274 D.Su, Q.Hu, Q.Li, J.R.Thompson, G.Cui, A.Fazly, B.A.Davies, M.V.Botuyan, Z.Zhang, and G.Mer (2012).
Structural basis for recognition of H3K56-acetylated histone H3-H4 by the chaperone Rtt106.
  Nature, 483, 104-107.
PDB codes: 2lh0 3fss 3tvv 3tw1
21234331 A.Masumi (2011).
Histone acetyltransferases as regulators of nonhistone proteins: the role of interferon regulatory factor acetylation on gene transcription.
  J Biomed Biotechnol, 2011, 640610.  
21326359 C.Barnett, and J.E.Krebs (2011).
WSTF does it all: a multifunctional protein in transcription, repair, and replication.
  Biochem Cell Biol, 89, 12-23.  
21105876 C.Soldati, A.Bithell, P.Conforti, E.Cattaneo, and N.J.Buckley (2011).
Rescue of gene expression by modified REST decoy oligonucleotides in a cellular model of Huntington's disease.
  J Neurochem, 116, 415-425.  
21197572 F.D.Piaz, A.Vassallo, O.C.Rubio, S.Castellano, G.Sbardella, and N.De Tommasi (2011).
Chemical biology of Histone acetyltransferase natural compounds modulators.
  Mol Divers, 15, 401-416.  
21513889 J.C.Borah, S.Mujtaba, I.Karakikes, L.Zeng, M.Muller, J.Patel, N.Moshkina, K.Morohashi, W.Zhang, G.Gerona-Navarro, R.J.Hajjar, and M.M.Zhou (2011).
A small molecule binding to the coactivator CREB-binding protein blocks apoptosis in cardiomyocytes.
  Chem Biol, 18, 531-541.
PDB codes: 2l84 2l85
  21371315 J.Patel, R.R.Pathak, and S.Mujtaba (2011).
The biology of lysine acetylation integrates transcriptional programming and metabolism.
  Nutr Metab (Lond), 8, 12.  
21423274 M.Yun, J.Wu, J.L.Workman, and B.Li (2011).
Readers of histone modifications.
  Cell Res, 21, 564-578.  
21243712 P.Voigt, and D.Reinberg (2011).
Histone tails: ideal motifs for probing epigenetics through chemical biology approaches.
  Chembiochem, 12, 236-252.  
21513886 T.Ito, T.Umehara, K.Sasaki, Y.Nakamura, N.Nishino, T.Terada, M.Shirouzu, B.Padmanabhan, S.Yokoyama, A.Ito, and M.Yoshida (2011).
Real-time imaging of histone H4K12-specific acetylation determines the modes of action of histone deacetylase and bromodomain inhibitors.
  Chem Biol, 18, 495-507.
PDB code: 3aqa
21243719 Y.Y.Yang, and H.C.Hang (2011).
Chemical approaches for the detection and synthesis of acetylated proteins.
  Chembiochem, 12, 314-322.  
20032077 C.A.Airoldi, F.D.Rovere, G.Falasca, G.Marino, M.Kooiker, M.M.Altamura, S.Citterio, and M.M.Kater (2010).
The Arabidopsis BET bromodomain factor GTE4 is involved in maintenance of the mitotic cell cycle during plant development.
  Plant Physiol, 152, 1320-1334.  
20862720 D.Schwarzer (2010).
Chemical tools in chromatin research.
  J Pept Sci, 16, 530-537.  
  21189220 G.V.Denis (2010).
Bromodomain coactivators in cancer, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and inflammation.
  Discov Med, 10, 489-499.  
19917722 J.Luo, X.Xu, H.Hall, E.M.Hyland, J.D.Boeke, T.Hazbun, and M.H.Kuo (2010).
Histone h3 exerts a key function in mitotic checkpoint control.
  Mol Cell Biol, 30, 537-549.  
20923397 K.L.Yap, and M.M.Zhou (2010).
Keeping it in the family: diverse histone recognition by conserved structural folds.
  Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol, 45, 488-505.  
20491580 L.M.Bergner, F.E.Hickman, K.H.Wood, C.M.Wakeman, H.H.Stone, T.J.Campbell, S.B.Lightcap, S.M.Favors, A.C.Aldridge, and K.G.Hales (2010).
A novel predicted bromodomain-related protein affects coordination between meiosis and spermiogenesis in Drosophila and is required for male meiotic cytokinesis.
  DNA Cell Biol, 29, 487-498.  
20962278 L.Ma, J.S.Gao, Y.Guan, X.Shi, H.Zhang, M.K.Ayrapetov, Z.Zhang, L.Xu, Y.M.Hyun, M.Kim, S.Zhuang, and Y.E.Chin (2010).
Acetylation modulates prolactin receptor dimerization.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107, 19314-19319.  
20613843 L.Zeng, Q.Zhang, S.Li, A.N.Plotnikov, M.J.Walsh, and M.M.Zhou (2010).
Mechanism and regulation of acetylated histone binding by the tandem PHD finger of DPF3b.
  Nature, 466, 258-262.
PDB codes: 2kwj 2kwk 2kwn 2kwo
19836960 M.Billur, H.D.Bartunik, and P.B.Singh (2010).
The essential function of HP1 beta: a case of the tail wagging the dog?
  Trends Biochem Sci, 35, 115-123.  
20131086 M.Dalvai, and K.Bystricky (2010).
The role of histone modifications and variants in regulating gene expression in breast cancer.
  J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia, 15, 19-33.  
20204433 M.N.Cruickshank, P.Besant, and D.Ulgiati (2010).
The impact of histone post-translational modifications on developmental gene regulation.
  Amino Acids, 39, 1087-1105.  
20126658 Q.Zhang, S.Chakravarty, D.Ghersi, L.Zeng, A.N.Plotnikov, R.Sanchez, and M.M.Zhou (2010).
Biochemical profiling of histone binding selectivity of the yeast bromodomain family.
  PLoS One, 5, e8903.  
  20621284 S.D.McCullough, and P.A.Grant (2010).
Histone acetylation, acetyltransferases, and ataxia-alteration of histone acetylation and chromatin dynamics is implicated in the pathogenesis of polyglutamine-expansion disorders.
  Adv Protein Chem Struct Biol, 79, 165-203.  
20048151 T.Umehara, Y.Nakamura, M.K.Jang, K.Nakano, A.Tanaka, K.Ozato, B.Padmanabhan, and S.Yokoyama (2010).
Structural basis for acetylated histone H4 recognition by the human BRD2 bromodomain.
  J Biol Chem, 285, 7610-7618.
PDB codes: 2dvq 2dvr 2dvs
20300640 V.Dumeaux, K.S.Olsen, G.Nuel, R.H.Paulssen, A.L.Børresen-Dale, and E.Lund (2010).
Deciphering normal blood gene expression variation--The NOWAC Postgenome Study.
  PLoS Genet, 6, e1000873.  
20974913 W.R.Luebben, N.Sharma, and J.K.Nyborg (2010).
Nucleosome eviction and activated transcription require p300 acetylation of histone H3 lysine 14.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107, 19254-19259.  
20393127 Y.Akai, N.Adachi, Y.Hayashi, M.Eitoku, N.Sano, R.Natsume, N.Kudo, M.Tanokura, T.Senda, and M.Horikoshi (2010).
Structure of the histone chaperone CIA/ASF1-double bromodomain complex linking histone modifications and site-specific histone eviction.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107, 8153-8158.
PDB code: 3aad
20368734 Z.Charlop-Powers, L.Zeng, Q.Zhang, and M.M.Zhou (2010).
Structural insights into selective histone H3 recognition by the human Polybromo bromodomain 2.
  Cell Res, 20, 529-538.
PDB codes: 2ktb 3ljw
19581291 A.Gradolatto, S.K.Smart, S.Byrum, L.P.Blair, R.S.Rogers, E.A.Kolar, H.Lavender, S.K.Larson, J.D.Aitchison, S.D.Taverna, and A.J.Tackett (2009).
A noncanonical bromodomain in the AAA ATPase protein Yta7 directs chromosomal positioning and barrier chromatin activity.
  Mol Cell Biol, 29, 4604-4611.  
19362612 A.Gyuris, D.J.Donovan, K.A.Seymour, L.A.Lovasco, N.R.Smilowitz, A.L.Halperin, J.E.Klysik, and R.N.Freiman (2009).
The chromatin-targeting protein Brd2 is required for neural tube closure and embryogenesis.
  Biochim Biophys Acta, 1789, 413-421.  
19103749 B.Huang, X.D.Yang, M.M.Zhou, K.Ozato, and L.F.Chen (2009).
Brd4 coactivates transcriptional activation of NF-kappaB via specific binding to acetylated RelA.
  Mol Cell Biol, 29, 1375-1387.  
19189962 D.Baniulis, E.Yamashita, J.P.Whitelegge, A.I.Zatsman, M.P.Hendrich, S.S.Hasan, C.M.Ryan, and W.A.Cramer (2009).
Structure-Function, Stability, and Chemical Modification of the Cyanobacterial Cytochrome b6f Complex from Nostoc sp. PCC 7120.
  J Biol Chem, 284, 9861-9869.
PDB code: 2zt9
19337993 D.W.Chan, Y.Wang, M.Wu, J.Wong, J.Qin, and Y.Zhao (2009).
Unbiased proteomic screen for binding proteins to modified lysines on histone H3.
  Proteomics, 9, 2343-2354.  
19828451 F.Vollmuth, W.Blankenfeldt, and M.Geyer (2009).
Structures of the dual bromodomains of the P-TEFb-activating protein Brd4 at atomic resolution.
  J Biol Chem, 284, 36547-36556.
PDB codes: 3jvj 3jvk 3jvl 3jvm
19818718 H.Neumann, S.M.Hancock, R.Buning, A.Routh, L.Chapman, J.Somers, T.Owen-Hughes, J.van Noort, D.Rhodes, and J.W.Chin (2009).
A method for genetically installing site-specific acetylation in recombinant histones defines the effects of H3 K56 acetylation.
  Mol Cell, 36, 153-163.  
19223581 I.D'Orso, and A.D.Frankel (2009).
Tat acetylation modulates assembly of a viral-host RNA-protein transcription complex.
  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106, 3101-3106.  
19358899 M.H.Kuo, X.J.Xu, H.A.Bolck, and D.Guo (2009).
Functional connection between histone acetyltransferase Gcn5p and methyltransferase Hmt1p.
  Biochim Biophys Acta, 1789, 395-402.  
19407817 M.Pinskaya, S.Gourvennec, and A.Morillon (2009).
H3 lysine 4 di- and tri-methylation deposited by cryptic transcription attenuates promoter activation.
  EMBO J, 28, 1697-1707.  
19903202 M.Sakamoto, S.Noguchi, S.Kawashima, Y.Okada, T.Enomoto, M.Seki, and M.Horikoshi (2009).
Global analysis of mutual interaction surfaces of nucleosomes with comprehensive point mutants.
  Genes Cells, 14, 1271-1330.  
19084573 M.Thompson (2009).
Polybromo-1: the chromatin targeting subunit of the PBAF complex.
  Biochimie, 91, 309-319.  
19419532 M.W.Yaish, M.Peng, and S.J.Rothstein (2009).
AtMBD9 modulates Arabidopsis development through the dual epigenetic pathways of DNA methylation and histone acetylation.
  Plant J, 59, 123-135.  
19184981 P.V.Peña, C.A.Musselman, A.J.Kuo, O.Gozani, and T.G.Kutateladze (2009).
NMR assignments and histone specificity of the ING2 PHD finger.
  Magn Reson Chem, 47, 352-358.  
19250906 R.J.Loomis, Y.Naoe, J.B.Parker, V.Savic, M.R.Bozovsky, T.Macfarlan, J.L.Manley, and D.Chakravarti (2009).
Chromatin binding of SRp20 and ASF/SF2 and dissociation from mitotic chromosomes is modulated by histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation.
  Mol Cell, 33, 450-461.  
  19736624 R.Sanchez, and M.M.Zhou (2009).
The role of human bromodomains in chromatin biology and gene transcription.
  Curr Opin Drug Discov Devel, 12, 659-665.  
19218239 S.Li, and M.A.Shogren-Knaak (2009).
The Gcn5 bromodomain of the SAGA complex facilitates cooperative and cross-tail acetylation of nucleosomes.
  J Biol Chem, 284, 9411-9417.  
18718879 S.M.Fuchs, R.N.Laribee, and B.D.Strahl (2009).
Protein modifications in transcription elongation.
  Biochim Biophys Acta, 1789, 26-36.  
18804549 S.Spange, T.Wagner, T.Heinzel, and O.H.Krämer (2009).
Acetylation of non-histone proteins modulates cellular signalling at multiple levels.
  Int J Biochem Cell Biol, 41, 185-198.  
19139074 T.K.Pandita, and C.Richardson (2009).
Chromatin remodeling finds its place in the DNA double-strand break response.
  Nucleic Acids Res, 37, 1363-1377.  
19369410 T.N.Siegel, D.R.Hekstra, L.E.Kemp, L.M.Figueiredo, J.E.Lowell, D.Fenyo, X.Wang, S.Dewell, and G.A.Cross (2009).
Four histone variants mark the boundaries of polycistronic transcription units in Trypanosoma brucei.
  Genes Dev, 23, 1063-1076.  
19698979 Z.Wang, C.Zang, K.Cui, D.E.Schones, A.Barski, W.Peng, and K.Zhao (2009).
Genome-wide mapping of HATs and HDACs reveals distinct functions in active and inactive genes.
  Cell, 138, 1019-1031.  
18264999 B.L.Florence, and D.V.Faller (2008).
Drosophila female sterile (1) homeotic is a multifunctional transcriptional regulator that is modulated by Ras signaling.
  Dev Dyn, 237, 554-564.  
18984594 B.Sun, J.Hong, P.Zhang, X.Dong, X.Shen, D.Lin, and J.Ding (2008).
Molecular basis of the interaction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Eaf3 chromo domain with methylated H3K36.
  J Biol Chem, 283, 36504-36512.
PDB codes: 3e9f 3e9g
18263619 C.Buerki, K.M.Rothgiesser, T.Valovka, H.R.Owen, H.Rehrauer, M.Fey, W.S.Lane, and M.O.Hottiger (2008).
Functional relevance of novel p300-mediated lysine 314 and 315 acetylation of RelA/p65.
  Nucleic Acids Res, 36, 1665-1680.  
18406326 G.LeRoy, B.Rickards, and S.J.Flint (2008).
The double bromodomain proteins Brd2 and Brd3 couple histone acetylation to transcription.
  Mol Cell, 30, 51-60.  
18339539 J.Huang, and S.L.Berger (2008).
The emerging field of dynamic lysine methylation of non-histone proteins.
  Curr Opin Genet Dev, 18, 152-158.  
18406149 J.Peng, and J.Wysocka (2008).
It takes a PHD to SUMO.
  Trends Biochem Sci, 33, 191-194.  
18344520 K.H.Brettingham-Moore, O.R.Sprod, X.Chen, P.Oakford, M.F.Shannon, and A.F.Holloway (2008).
Determinants of a transcriptionally competent environment at the GM-CSF promoter.
  Nucleic Acids Res, 36, 2639-2653.  
18488044 L.Zeng, K.L.Yap, A.V.Ivanov, X.Wang, S.Mujtaba, O.Plotnikova, F.J.Rauscher, and M.M.Zhou (2008).
Structural insights into human KAP1 PHD finger-bromodomain and its role in gene silencing.
  Nat Struct Mol Biol, 15, 626-633.
PDB code: 2ro1
18400184 L.Zeng, Q.Zhang, G.Gerona-Navarro, N.Moshkina, and M.M.Zhou (2008).
Structural basis of site-specific histone recognition by the bromodomains of human coactivators PCAF and CBP/p300.
  Structure, 16, 643-652.
PDB codes: 2rnw 2rnx 2rny
18323811 M.Brand, S.Rampalli, C.P.Chaturvedi, and F.J.Dilworth (2008).
Analysis of epigenetic modifications of chromatin at specific gene loci by native chromatin immunoprecipitation of nucleosomes isolated using hydroxyapatite chromatography.
  Nat Protoc, 3, 398-409.  
18319736 M.M.Brent, and R.Marmorstein (2008).
Ankyrin for methylated lysines.
  Nat Struct Mol Biol, 15, 221-222.  
18191465 M.Thompson, and R.Chandrasekaran (2008).
Thermodynamic analysis of acetylation-dependent Pb1 bromodomain-histone H3 interactions.
  Anal Biochem, 374, 304-312.  
18784729 R.J.Sims, and D.Reinberg (2008).
Is there a code embedded in proteins that is based on post-translational modifications?
  Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol, 9, 815-820.  
18498094 R.Toyama, M.L.Rebbert, A.Dey, K.Ozato, and I.B.Dawid (2008).
Brd4 associates with mitotic chromosomes throughout early zebrafish embryogenesis.
  Dev Dyn, 237, 1636-1644.  
18837912 S.Awad, and A.H.Hassan (2008).
The Swi2/Snf2 bromodomain is important for the full binding and remodeling activity of the SWI/SNF complex on H3- and H4-acetylated nucleosomes.
  Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1138, 366-375.  
19188699 S.Misri, S.Pandita, R.Kumar, and T.K.Pandita (2008).
Telomeres, histone code, and DNA damage response.
  Cytogenet Genome Res, 122, 297-307.  
18539634 S.Padilla-Parra, N.Audugé, M.Coppey-Moisan, and M.Tramier (2008).
Quantitative FRET analysis by fast acquisition time domain FLIM at high spatial resolution in living cells.
  Biophys J, 95, 2976-2988.  
18174544 S.Rajendrasozhan, S.R.Yang, V.L.Kinnula, and I.Rahman (2008).
SIRT1, an antiinflammatory and antiaging protein, is decreased in lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 177, 861-870.  
19050719 S.Till, K.Diamantara, and A.G.Ladurner (2008).
PARP: a transferase by any other name.
  Nat Struct Mol Biol, 15, 1243-1244.  
18782771 T.Hou, S.Ray, C.Lee, and A.R.Brasier (2008).
The STAT3 NH2-terminal Domain Stabilizes Enhanceosome Assembly by Interacting with the p300 Bromodomain.
  J Biol Chem, 283, 30725-30734.  
18327268 T.Suganuma, J.L.Gutiérrez, B.Li, L.Florens, S.K.Swanson, M.P.Washburn, S.M.Abmayr, and J.L.Workman (2008).
ATAC is a double histone acetyltransferase complex that stimulates nucleosome sliding.
  Nat Struct Mol Biol, 15, 364-372.  
18343834 W.Gad, and Y.Kim (2008).
A viral histone H4 encoded by Cotesia plutellae bracovirus inhibits haemocyte-spreading behaviour of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella.
  J Gen Virol, 89, 931-938.  
18470998 Z.A.Gurard-Levin, and M.Mrksich (2008).
The activity of HDAC8 depends on local and distal sequences of its peptide substrates.
  Biochemistry, 47, 6242-6250.  
17905638 A.Cvekl, and M.K.Duncan (2007).
Genetic and epigenetic mechanisms of gene regulation during lens development.
  Prog Retin Eye Res, 26, 555-597.  
17996705 A.G.Li, L.G.Piluso, X.Cai, B.J.Gadd, A.G.Ladurner, and X.Liu (2007).
An acetylation switch in p53 mediates holo-TFIID recruitment.
  Mol Cell, 28, 408-421.  
18037899 A.J.Ruthenburg, H.Li, D.J.Patel, and C.D.Allis (2007).
Multivalent engagement of chromatin modifications by linked binding modules.
  Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol, 8, 983-994.  
17893736 A.Keuling, F.Yang, S.Hanna, H.Wang, T.Tully, A.Burnham, J.Locke, and H.E.McDermid (2007).
Mutation analysis of Drosophila dikar/CG32394, homologue of the chromatin-remodelling gene CECR2.
  Genome, 50, 767-777.  
17602165 A.P.Mogal, R.van der Meer, P.S.Crooke, and S.A.Abdulkadir (2007).
Haploinsufficient prostate tumor suppression by Nkx3.1: a role for chromatin accessibility in dosage-sensitive gene regulation.
  J Biol Chem, 282, 25790-25800.  
17723105 B.Duncan, and K.Zhao (2007).
HMGA1 mediates the activation of the CRYAB promoter by BRG1.
  DNA Cell Biol, 26, 745-752.  
17198977 D.M.Heery, and P.M.Fischer (2007).
Pharmacological targeting of lysine acetyltransferases in human disease: a progress report.
  Drug Discov Today, 12, 88-99.  
17101790 F.Escaffit, O.Vaute, M.Chevillard-Briet, B.Segui, Y.Takami, T.Nakayama, and D.Trouche (2007).
Cleavage and cytoplasmic relocalization of histone deacetylase 3 are important for apoptosis progression.
  Mol Cell Biol, 27, 554-567.  
17848202 H.Huang, J.Zhang, W.Shen, X.Wang, J.Wu, J.Wu, and Y.Shi (2007).
Solution structure of the second bromodomain of Brd2 and its specific interaction with acetylated histone tails.
  BMC Struct Biol, 7, 57.  
17111193 J.Peng, W.Dong, L.Chen, T.Zou, Y.Qi, and Y.Liu (2007).
Brd2 is a TBP-associated protein and recruits TBP into E2F-1 transcriptional complex in response to serum stimulation.
  Mol Cell Biochem, 294, 45-54.  
17380162 K.K.Lee, and J.L.Workman (2007).
Histone acetyltransferase complexes: one size doesn't fit all.
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17705707 M.B.Trelle, and O.N.Jensen (2007).
Functional proteomics in histone research and epigenetics.
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Tumor-specific and proliferation-specific gene expression typifies murine transgenic B cell lymphomagenesis.
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Mutations in the BRWD3 gene cause X-linked mental retardation associated with macrocephaly.
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17151888 M.J.Gao, D.D.Hegedus, A.G.Sharpe, S.J.Robinson, D.J.Lydiate, and A.Hannoufa (2007).
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Structural ramification for acetyl-lysine recognition by the bromodomain of human BRG1 protein, a central ATPase of the SWI/SNF remodeling complex.
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PDB code: 2grc
17340003 N.Jamonnak, D.G.Fatkins, L.Wei, and W.Zheng (2007).
N(epsilon)-methanesulfonyl-lysine as a non-hydrolyzable functional surrogate for N(epsilon)-acetyl-lysine.
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The bromodomain protein LEX-1 acts with TAM-1 to modulate gene expression in C. elegans.
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17694078 R.Murr, T.Vaissière, C.Sawan, V.Shukla, and Z.Herceg (2007).
Orchestration of chromatin-based processes: mind the TRRAP.
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17387179 R.Xu, V.A.Spencer, and M.J.Bissell (2007).
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17984965 S.D.Taverna, H.Li, A.J.Ruthenburg, C.D.Allis, and D.J.Patel (2007).
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17934485 S.I.Kim, and E.H.Bresnick (2007).
Transcriptional control of erythropoiesis: emerging mechanisms and principles.
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17144897 S.K.Han, J.D.Song, Y.S.Noh, and B.Noh (2007).
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17522673 S.L.Berger (2007).
The complex language of chromatin regulation during transcription.
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Primers on chromatin.
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17694091 S.Mujtaba, L.Zeng, and M.M.Zhou (2007).
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The plant homeodomain finger of RAG2 recognizes histone H3 methylated at both lysine-4 and arginine-2.
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PDB codes: 2v83 2v85 2v86 2v87 2v88
17694080 S.Rea, G.Xouri, and A.Akhtar (2007).
Males absent on the first (MOF): from flies to humans.
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17391015 S.Vucetic, H.Xie, L.M.Iakoucheva, C.J.Oldfield, A.K.Dunker, Z.Obradovic, and V.N.Uversky (2007).
Functional anthology of intrinsic disorder. 2. Cellular components, domains, technical terms, developmental processes, and coding sequence diversities correlated with long disordered regions.
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17371436 T.Rothhammer, and A.K.Bosserhoff (2007).
Epigenetic events in malignant melanoma.
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17306844 V.K.Gangaraju, and B.Bartholomew (2007).
Mechanisms of ATP dependent chromatin remodeling.
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17526731 Y.L.Chang, B.King, S.C.Lin, J.A.Kennison, and D.H.Huang (2007).
A double-bromodomain protein, FSH-S, activates the homeotic gene ultrabithorax through a critical promoter-proximal region.
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17148447 Y.Nakamura, T.Umehara, K.Nakano, M.K.Jang, M.Shirouzu, S.Morita, H.Uda-Tochio, H.Hamana, T.Terada, N.Adachi, T.Matsumoto, A.Tanaka, M.Horikoshi, K.Ozato, B.Padmanabhan, and S.Yokoyama (2007).
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Nuclear-mitochondrial genomic profiling reveals a pattern of evolution in epithelial ovarian tumor stem cells.
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Rheostat control of gene expression by metabolites.
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16648632 A.H.Hassan, S.Awad, and P.Prochasson (2006).
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Genome-wide patterns of histone modifications in yeast.
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The transcriptional regulation role of BRD7 by binding to acetylated histone through bromodomain.
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16923967 D.G.Martin, K.Baetz, X.Shi, K.L.Walter, V.E.MacDonald, M.J.Wlodarski, O.Gozani, P.Hieter, and L.Howe (2006).
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16598039 D.Nathan, K.Ingvarsdottir, D.E.Sterner, G.R.Bylebyl, M.Dokmanovic, J.A.Dorsey, K.A.Whelan, M.Krsmanovic, W.S.Lane, P.B.Meluh, E.S.Johnson, and S.L.Berger (2006).
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16877755 D.Zhang, C.J.Martyniuk, and V.L.Trudeau (2006).
SANTA domain: a novel conserved protein module in Eukaryota with potential involvement in chromatin regulation.
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17121596 E.Agricola, L.Verdone, E.Di Mauro, and M.Caserta (2006).
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16699007 F.Lu, L.Day, S.J.Gao, and P.M.Lieberman (2006).
Acetylation of the latency-associated nuclear antigen regulates repression of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus lytic transcription.
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16180204 F.Pizzitutti, A.Giansanti, P.Ballario, P.Ornaghi, P.Torreri, G.Ciccotti, and P.Filetici (2006).
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PDB code: 2fq3
16512664 G.V.Denis, M.E.McComb, D.V.Faller, A.Sinha, P.B.Romesser, and C.E.Costello (2006).
Identification of transcription complexes that contain the double bromodomain protein Brd2 and chromatin remodeling machines.
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16935875 H.Dürr, A.Flaus, T.Owen-Hughes, and K.P.Hopfner (2006).
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Molecular basis for site-specific read-out of histone H3K4me3 by the BPTF PHD finger of NURF.
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PDB codes: 2f6j 2f6n 2fsa 2fui 2fuu
16412250 J.Perry (2006).
The Epc-N domain: a predicted protein-protein interaction domain found in select chromatin associated proteins.
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Molecular genetic analysis of an SNF2/brahma-related gene in Tetrahymena thermophila suggests roles in growth and nuclear development.
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16728976 J.Wysocka, T.Swigut, H.Xiao, T.A.Milne, S.Y.Kwon, J.Landry, M.Kauer, A.J.Tackett, B.T.Chait, P.Badenhorst, C.Wu, and C.D.Allis (2006).
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SWI/SNF displaces SAGA-acetylated nucleosomes.
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16648099 M.Herranz, and M.Esteller (2006).
New therapeutic targets in cancer: the epigenetic connection.
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Pair of unusual GCN5 histone acetyltransferases and ADA2 homologues in the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii.
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DNA-binding properties of the recombinant high-mobility-group-like AT-hook-containing region from human BRG1 protein.
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Co-activator p120 is increased by gonadotropins in the rat ovary and enhances progesterone receptor activity.
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16728977 P.V.Peña, F.Davrazou, X.Shi, K.L.Walter, V.V.Verkhusha, O.Gozani, R.Zhao, and T.G.Kutateladze (2006).
Molecular mechanism of histone H3K4me3 recognition by plant homeodomain of ING2.
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PDB code: 2g6q
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Mechanism of the long range anti-silencing function of targeted histone acetyltransferases in yeast.
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16954381 S.P.Sripathy, J.Stevens, and D.C.Schultz (2006).
The KAP1 corepressor functions to coordinate the assembly of de novo HP1-demarcated microenvironments of heterochromatin required for KRAB zinc finger protein-mediated transcriptional repression.
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16362936 S.Pantano, A.Marcello, A.Ferrari, D.Gaudiosi, A.Sabò, V.Pellegrini, F.Beltram, M.Giacca, and P.Carloni (2006).
Insights on HIV-1 Tat:P/CAF bromodomain molecular recognition from in vivo experiments and molecular dynamics simulations.
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16857008 T.Jenuwein (2006).
The epigenetic magic of histone lysine methylation.
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17015479 T.Y.Erkina, and A.M.Erkine (2006).
Displacement of histones at promoters of Saccharomyces cerevisiae heat shock genes is differentially associated with histone H3 acetylation.
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Histone acetylation and transcriptional regulation in the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
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Recognition of histone H3 lysine-4 methylation by the double tudor domain of JMJD2A.
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PDB codes: 2gf7 2gfa
16826231 Y.Zhang (2006).
It takes a PHD to interpret histone methylation.
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15858614 A.Melnick (2005).
Predicting the effect of transcription therapy in hematologic malignancies.
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16275642 A.R.Colina, and D.Young (2005).
Raf60, a novel component of the Rpd3 histone deacetylase complex required for Rpd3 activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
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16099183 C.A.Berkes, and S.J.Tapscott (2005).
MyoD and the transcriptional control of myogenesis.
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The histone H3 acetylase dGcn5 is a key player in Drosophila melanogaster metamorphosis.
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Single-nucleosome mapping of histone modifications in S. cerevisiae.
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The diverse functions of histone lysine methylation.
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Chromatin remodeling complexes: ATP-dependent machines in action.
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15870728 E.Lejeune, and A.G.Ladurner (2005).
Hitting transcription in all the right places.
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15870268 E.Y.Shim, J.L.Ma, J.H.Oum, Y.Yanez, and S.E.Lee (2005).
The yeast chromatin remodeler RSC complex facilitates end joining repair of DNA double-strand breaks.
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The macro domain is an ADP-ribose binding module.
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PDB codes: 2bfq 2bfr
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Interdependent recruitment of SAGA and Srb mediator by transcriptional activator Gcn4p.
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16230526 I.Ivanovska, T.Khandan, T.Ito, and T.L.Orr-Weaver (2005).
A histone code in meiosis: the histone kinase, NHK-1, is required for proper chromosomal architecture in Drosophila oocytes.
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CtBP represses p300-mediated transcriptional activation by direct association with its bromodomain.
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15788094 L.Chen, and H.Zhao (2005).
Gene expression analysis reveals that histone deacetylation sites may serve as partitions of chromatin gene expression domains.
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15898057 M.Biel, V.Wascholowski, and A.Giannis (2005).
Epigenetics--an epicenter of gene regulation: histones and histone-modifying enzymes.
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15840568 M.Bulger (2005).
Hyperacetylated chromatin domains: lessons from heterochromatin.
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15767660 M.D.Stewart, J.Li, and J.Wong (2005).
Relationship between histone H3 lysine 9 methylation, transcription repression, and heterochromatin protein 1 recruitment.
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15795371 M.F.Dion, S.J.Altschuler, L.F.Wu, and O.J.Rando (2005).
Genomic characterization reveals a simple histone H4 acetylation code.
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15951563 M.Fu, C.Wang, M.Rao, X.Wu, T.Bouras, X.Zhang, Z.Li, X.Jiao, J.Yang, A.Li, N.D.Perkins, B.Thimmapaya, A.L.Kung, A.Munoz, A.Giordano, M.P.Lisanti, and R.G.Pestell (2005).
Cyclin D1 represses p300 transactivation through a cyclin-dependent kinase-independent mechanism.
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The bromodomain protein Brd4 is a positive regulatory component of P-TEFb and stimulates RNA polymerase II-dependent transcription.
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Multiple bromodomain genes are involved in restricting the spread of heterochromatic silencing at the Saccharomyces cerevisiae HMR-tRNA boundary.
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Molecular basis for the recognition of phosphorylated and phosphoacetylated histone h3 by 14-3-3.
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PDB codes: 2c1j 2c1n
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Ligand-induced transrepression by VDR through association of WSTF with acetylated histones.
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MLL: how complex does it get?
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SIRT1 deacetylation and repression of p300 involves lysine residues 1020/1024 within the cell cycle regulatory domain 1.
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Active chromatin domains are defined by acetylation islands revealed by genome-wide mapping.
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Do protein motifs read the histone code?
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The bromodomain protein GTE6 controls leaf development in Arabidopsis by histone acetylation at ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1.
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Activation domains of gene-specific transcription factors: are histones among their targets?
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Crystal structure of Caenorhabditis elegans HER-1 and characterization of the interaction between HER-1 and TRA-2A.
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PDB code: 1szh
16117649 C.B.Millar, S.K.Kurdistani, and M.Grunstein (2004).
Acetylation of yeast histone H4 lysine 16: a switch for protein interactions in heterochromatin and euchromatin.
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Histone H3 amino-terminal tail phosphorylation and acetylation: synergistic or independent transcriptional regulatory marks?
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A WW domain-binding motif within the activation domain of the hematopoietic transcription factor NF-E2 is essential for establishment of a tissue-specific histone modification pattern.
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Precise nucleosome positioning and the TATA box dictate requirements for the histone H4 tail and the bromodomain factor Bdf1.
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In vitro transcription system delineates the distinct roles of the coactivators pCAF and p300 during MyoD/E47-dependent transactivation.
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Roles of Brahma and Brahma/SWI2-related gene 1 in hypoxic induction of the erythropoietin gene.
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The biological and clinical significance of MLL abnormalities in haematological malignancies.
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PDB code: 1e6i
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PDB code: 1g1e
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