Syntrophin, split Pleckstrin homology (PH) domain (IPR041428)

Short name: PHsplit_syntrophin

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Domain relationships



Syntrophins are scaffold proteins that associate with associate with the Duchenne muscular dystrophy protein dystrophin and the dystrophin-related proteins, utrophin and dystrobrevin to form the dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC). There are 5 members: alpha, beta1, beta2, gamma1, and gamma2) all of which contains a split (also called joined) PH domain and a PDZ domain (PHN-PDZ-PHC). The split PH domain of alpha-syntrophin adopts a canonical PH domain fold and together with PDZ forms a supramodule functioning synergistically in binding to inositol phospholipids. The alpha-syntrophin PH-PDZ supramodule showed strong binding to phosphoinositides PI(3,5)P2 and PI(5)P, modest binding to PI(3,4)P2 and PI(4,5)P2, and weak binding to PI(3)P, PI(4)P, and PI(3,4,5)P. There are a large number of signaling proteins that bind to the PDZ domain of syntrophins: nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), aquaporin-4, voltage-gated sodium channels, potassium channels, serine/threonine protein kinases, and the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 [PMID: 16252003].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.