Homologous Superfamily

Trigger factor, C-terminal domain superfamily (IPR037041)

Short name: Trigger_fac_C_sf

Description

In the Escherichia coli cytosol, a fraction of the newly synthesised proteins requires the activity of molecular chaperones for folding to the native state. The major chaperones implicated in this folding process are the ribosome-associated Trigger Factor (TF), and the DnaK and GroEL chaperones with their respective co-chaperones. Trigger Factor is an ATP-independent chaperone and displays chaperone and peptidyl-prolyl-cis-trans-isomerase (PPIase) activities in vitro. It is composed of at least three domains, an N-terminal domain which mediates association with the large ribosomal subunit, a central substrate binding and PPIase domain with homology to FKBP proteins, and a C-terminal domain of unknown function. The positioning of TF at the peptide exit channel, together with its ability to interact with nascent chains as short as 57 residues renders TF a prime candidate for being the first chaperone that binds to the nascent polypeptide chains [PMID: 12603737].

This entry represents the C-terminal domain superfamily of bacterial trigger factor proteins, which has a multi-helical structure consisting of an irregular array of long and short helices. This domain is structurally similar to the peptide-binding domain of the bacterial porin chaperone SurA.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006457 protein folding
GO:0015031 protein transport

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
GENE3D