Homologous Superfamily

Polyomavirus capsid protein VP1 superfamily (IPR036931)

Short name: Polyomavir_VP1_sf

Overlapping entries


This entry represents the major capsid protein VP1 (viral protein 1) from Polyomaviruses, such as Murine polyomavirus (strain P16 small-plaque) (MPyV) [PMID: 9628860]. Polyomaviruses are dsDNA viruses with no RNA stage in their life cycle. The virus capsid is composed of 72 icosahedral units, each of which is composed of five copies of VP1. The virus attaches to the cell surface by recognition of oligosaccharides terminating in alpha(2,3)-linked sialic acid. The capsid protein VP1 forms a pentamer. The complete capsid is composed of 72 VP1 pentamers, with a minor capsid protein, VP2 or VP3, inserted into the centre of each pentamer like a hairpin. This structure restricts the exposure of internal proteins during viral entry. Polyomavirus coat assembly is rigorously controlled by chaperone-mediated assembly. During viral infection, the heat shock chaperone hsc70 binds VP1 and co-localises it in the nucleus, thereby regulating capsid assembly [PMID: 12928495].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005198 structural molecule activity

Cellular Component

GO:0019028 viral capsid

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.